What was the u. s. population in 2009

By Daikora | 21.07.2020

what was the u. s. population in 2009

Percentage of the U.S. population not paying income taxes 2009

May 01, The Older Population in the United States: Detailed Tables, Population 55 Years and Over by Sex and Age: Table 1. Population [Population [Population [Population. Dec 31, ,, U.S. population estimate for Jan. 1, 2,, Population added since Jan. 1, 8: Estimated number of seconds between births in January Estimated number of seconds.

By yearend1. The overall pace of decarceration has varied considerably across states, but has been modest overall. Thirty-nine states and the federal government had downsized te prisons by Eleven states, led by Arkansas, had their highest ever prison populations in If states and the federal government maintain this pace of decarceration, it will take 72 yearsuntil to cut the U.

The United States has made only modest progress in ending mass incarceration despite a dramatic what heritage is colin kaepernick in crime rates. Reported crime rates have plummeted to half of their s levelsas they have in many other countries whqt did not increase imprisonment levels. Expediting the end of mass incarceration will require accelerating the end of the Drug War and scaling back sentences for all crimes, including violent offenses for which half of people in prison are serving time.

Incarceration trends vary significantly among the popukation. By39 states had at least modestly downsized their prison populations from their peak levels. Some Southern states, which have exceptionally high rates of incarceration, also achieved double-digit percentage reductions in their prison populations since reaching their peak levels.

See Alabama Department populatiom Corrections. Monthly Statistical Report for June The how to replace oil pump on poulan chainsaw of people held in federal prisons has since continued to decline. These prison population las vegas for children what to do are the result of a mix of changes in policy and practice designed to reduce prison admissions and lengths of stay.

While some critics have charged that decarceration would lead to rising crime, states with the most substantial reductions in their prison populations have often outpaced the nationwide crime drop. But overall, the pace of decarceration has been slow in most states. Eleven states had not achieved any prison population reductions byeven though most are experiencing reported crime rates that are far below their peak levels.

Growing recognition of the scale and urgency of mass incarceration is now reflected in the work of leaders as diverse as Sen. A growing number of policy experts and advocacy organizations what states recognize arizona concealed carry permit now calling for a 50 percent reduction in the U.

Clearly, waiting seven decades to substantively alter a system that is out of step with the world and is racially biased is unacceptable.

Expediting the end of mass kn will require intensifying sentencing reforms for non-violent crimes and making a meaningful dent into the number of people imprisoned for violence. But for the wax of the prison population imprisoned for a violent crimewhich ranges from certain burglaries, polulation, and assault to rape and murder reforms remain the exception.

The reluctance to polulation back excessive sentences for this population is at odds with evidence that long sentences incapacitate older people who pose little public safety threat, produce limited deterrent effect since they do not increase the likelihood of arrest, and detract from more effective investments in public safety.

Ending mass thf within our lifetime requires bold leadership to accelerate the ni and scope of reforms. Table 1. Historical and projected U. Prisoners in Bureau of Justice Statistics. Figure 2: U. Prison Population by Conviction Offense, Note: Reductions rhe calculated from year when the prison population for that offense category reached its peak.

Based on sentenced prison population in state and federal systems. Download PDF. Related Posts news. The Sentencing Project worked closely with state coalitions in Connecticut, Georgia, Minnesota and Texas to expand voting rights to citizens with felony convictions.

California ranks second among states in the size of its rhe population.

Table of Contents

Dec 01, The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published from to , is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States.. It is designed to serve as a convenient volume for statistical reference, and as a guide to other statistical publications and sources both in print and on the Web. what's new. ?10?29?. ????????????????????????????????10,???. ?07?06?. ???????????????????. ?06?23?. US Resident population. Source: US Census Bureau. Historical National Population Estimates; Intercensal Estimates; Intercensal Resident Population Estimates; Monthly Population Estimates.

The United States, the third most populous country globally, accounts for about 4. The U. More than just being double in size, the population has become qualitatively different from what it was in Aside from the total size, one of the most important demographic characteristics of a population for public policy is its age and sex structure.

This report illustrates how the United States has been in the midst of a profound demographic change: the rapid aging of its population, as reflected by an increasing proportion of persons aged 65 and older, and an increasing median age in the population. The United States Is Becoming More Racially and Ethnically Diverse, reflecting the major influence that immigration has had on both the size and the age structure of the U. This section considers the changing profile of the five major racial groups in the United States.

In addition, trends in the changing ethnic composition of the Hispanic or Latino Origin population are discussed.

Although this report will not specifically discuss policy options to address the changing demographic profile, it is important to recognize that the inexorable demographic momentum will have important implications for the economic and social forces that will shape future societal well-being. There is ample reason to believe that the United States will be able to cope with the current and projected demographic changes if policymakers accelerate efforts to address and adapt to the changing population profile as it relates to a number of essential domains, such as work, retirement, and pensions; private wealth and income security; the federal budget and inter-generational equity; health, healthcare, and health spending; and the health and well-being of the aging population.

These topics, among others, are discussed briefly in the final section of this report. This report will be updated as needed.

The United States Is Becoming More Racially and Ethnically Diverse , reflecting the major influence that immigration has had on both the size and the age structure of the U. The United States, the third-largest population globally, accounts for about 4. While this report will not discuss policy options, it is important to recognize that the inexorable demographic momentum will produce an increasingly older population in the United States.

There is ample reason to believe that the United States will be able to cope with the current and projected changes if policymakers address and adapt to the changing demographic profile as it relates to a number of essential domains such as work, retirement, and pensions, private wealth and income security, transfer systems, and the health and well-being of the aging population.

From a base of about million Americans in , an additional million persons were added to the population between and , with the number of additional women slightly outnumbering additional men see Figure 1.

Sources : CRS calculations based on 1 for estimates, F. Census Bureau Table 2. Despite the growth of the U. Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nigeria, for instance, now rank 6, 7 and 8 in total population size, surpassing more developed countriessuch as Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and Italythat are no longer among the world's 10 most populous countries. The Census Bureau projects that the U. Note, however, that population projections, which rely upon assumptions about the future courses of mortality, fertility, and immigration are uncertain.

More pessimistic growth projections are offered by the United Nations and the Social Security Administration, which estimate that the U. See the Appendix for more information on sources and data used to derive this figure. Notes: 1 Crude birth rate CBR : the number of live births per 1, total population.

Estimates for were adjusted by NCHS to correct for under-registration of births. Average annual growth rates 11 for each year intercensal period between and were positive, but have generally been declining over time see Figure 2. Expressed as a percentage of the population at the beginning of the period, the average population growth rate in the s, for example, was 1. The Census Bureau assumes that the growth rate will remain positive through year , but will fluctuate over the time period.

The current level of 0. After the growth rate is expected to return to 0. Trends in the size and growth of the U. Figure 2 and the Appendix at end of this report , in addition to highlighting the estimated and projected trends in population growth for the period , also highlight trends and projections for these three underlying components of population change.

Characteristics of U. Average fertility in the United States reached a post-World War II maximum during the peak of the "baby boom" in the late s.

The highest observed number of annual births 4. Steep declines were observed in the s and early s, a broad trend that was also observed in Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. In , the most recent year for which final data are available, there were This represents a small decline from when the largest number of births were recorded in nearly 4 decades, though the birth rate remains lower than levels seen during the baby boom. Highlights of American fertility behavior in include the following: Beyond the current year estimates presented above, the Census Bureau uses demographic projection techniques to predict future trends in American fertility.

They project that the total fertility rate will remain at or above replacement level 2. This is in contrast to much of Europe and to Canada, where fertility rates are below replacement level and not expected to increase. Additionally, differences in U. For example, the average fertility rates for women of Hispanic origin was approximately 2. As is evident from Figure 2 and Figure 3 , crude death rates CDR in the United States have been remarkably constant since , fluctuating within the range of 8.

In general, crude death rates are referred to as crude because they are influenced by two underlying characteristics of a population, making it difficult to interpret trends in the CDR without disentangling trends in these two underlying components:. Age-adjusted death rates are better indicators than crude rates to measure mortality risk across time or across populations. Use of the age-adjusted rates has allowed a much more refined evaluation of trends in American mortality over time.

Specifically, they show that, despite the fact that the U. Notes: CDRs are on an annual basis per 1, population; age-adjusted rates per 1, U. Highlights of trends in American mortality in include the following: As with the data for fertility, demographers use demographic projection techniques to predict the future trends in American mortality. The Census Bureau projects that crude death rates will remain low through in the narrow range of 8. The rate will gradually increase, reflecting the Census Bureau's assumption that the aging of the population will not be fully offset by continued reductions in the risk of dying.

As with other demographic variables; however, future mortality and survival are difficult to predict and specialists disagree on not only the level but also the direction of future trends. Research suggests that current models may be too pessimistic in their assumptions about mortality and survival probabilities, i. For example, one optimistic assumption predicts that international life expectancy will increase to Additionally, smoking and obesity-related mortality is slowing life expectancy gains.

Immigration has been an important component of population growth in the United States. The net immigration rate Figure 2 has been and is projected to be positive with in-migration exceeding out-migration for the full century to It fluctuated in the low range of 1. An increasing trend has been noted since , and the annual rates in the s were generally in the range of 3.

Census Bureau projects that net migration will continue to be an important component of population growth in the United States through with net immigration continuing at higher rates than currently observed. Both gross immigration and gross emigration are important to consider when examining how immigration effects population growth and change.

In general, the balance of gross immigration of persons moving permanently to the United States has exceeded gross emigration of persons leaving over the past century. A notable exception was observed during the Great Depression, when the number of out-migrants exceeded new immigrants see Table 2.

Reflecting fluctuations in economic conditions in the United States and abroad and U. Starting in , immigration to the United States was curtailed because of World War I, the introduction of numerical limits or "quotas" , the economic depression of the s, and World War II. The average annual inflow was about , in the s, about , in the s, , in the s, and jumped to , in the s.

More than 9 million foreigners were admitted as legal immigrants to the United States between and , an average of almost , a year. The number of legal immigrants in the last decade has fluctuated, surpassing 1 million in and , falling below 1 million annually for and and rising above 1.

There are few timely and reliable estimates of emigration of persons who leave the United States to permanently take up residence elsewhere whether native-born or foreign-born Americans.

Partly because of inherent methodological difficulties, the collection of emigration statistics was discontinued in and no direct measure has been available since then. The Population Reference Bureau estimates almost , emigrants in Sources: For immigration , all years: U. For emigration , years U. For U. Highlights of American immigration in FY include the following: Aside from its total size, one of the most important demographic characteristics of a population for public policy is its age and sex structure.

In general, a "young" population structure is seen in countries experiencing high fertility and rapid population growth, and the relevant policy considerations are whether there are sufficient schools and, later, enough jobs and housing to accommodate them. On the other hand, critical policy challenges in countries with "old" population structures are to develop retirement and health systems to serve the older population, often with simultaneous reductions in the number of working-age persons to support them.

The population of the United States had been relatively "young" in the first half of the 20 th century, a consequence of a history of three demographic trends acting in concertrelatively high fertility, declining infant and childhood mortality, and high rates of net immigration to the United States by young workers and families.

Since , the United States has been in the midst of a profound demographic change: rapid population aging, 47 a phenomenon that is replacing the earlier "young" age-sex structure with that of an older population.

As seen in Table 3 , the population aged 65 and older has been increasing as a percentage of the total U. The older population represented 8.

That percentage increased to Stated another way, one in five persons in will be aged 65 or older. Source: CRS computations based on data in the U. January 21, based on the Census Bureau's December data release. These data do not include results from the census.

Figure 4 graphically displays three population pyramids 48 of the United States population at three points in timein census years and, , and projected to year The figure shows the proportion of persons in each five-year age and sex group in these three selected years.

Note the increasing numbers on the x-axis, which highlights the increasing size of the U. Source : CRS extractions from U. Notes: U. Population estimates for are based on the resident population plus the armed forces overseas. Population estimates for are for the resident population and are based on Census

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