Vaccines by Age
Apr 22, · Childhood vaccines protect children from a variety of serious or potentially fatal diseases, including diphtheria, measles, mumps, rubella, polio, tetanus, whooping cough (pertussis) and others. If these diseases seem uncommon — or even unheard of — it's usually because these vaccines are doing their job. May 10, · Diseases that Vaccines Prevent plus icon. Chickenpox (Varicella) Diphtheria; Flu (Influenza) Hepatitis A; Hepatitis B; Hib; HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Measles; Meningococcal; Mumps; Pneumococcal; Polio; Rotavirus; Rubella; Tetanus; Whooping Cough (Pertussis) Diseases You Almost Forgot About; Your Child’s Vaccine Visit plus icon. Routine Vaccination During the COVID Outbreak.
Protect your baby against 14 potentially serious diseases before 2 years old with vaccines. Shortly after birth, your baby should receive the first dose of the vaccine to help protect against the following disease:. Full Vaccine Vaccinew. All babies should get the first shot of hepatitis B vaccine shat first 12 hours after birth.
This shot acts as a safety net, reducing the risk of getting the disease from you or family rreally who may not know they are infected with hepatitis B.
Sometimes children have mild reactions fog vaccines, such as pain at the injection site or a rash. These reactions are normal and will soon go away. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Family Physicians, and American Academy of Pediatrics strongly recommend children receive all vaccines according to the recommended vaccine schedule. Skip directly to what do black slugs eat content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
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Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTaP) vaccine 5th dose: Flu vaccine Every year, by the end of October if possible. Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine 2nd dose.
From ages 4 through 6, your child needs additional doses of some vaccines, as well as a flu vaccine every year. If your child has missed any vaccines, work with your doctor or nurse to make sure he or she gets caught up. You may need a certificate of immunization to enroll your child in school. It can be serious and even life-threatening, especially in babies, adults, and people with weakened immune systems.
Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis DTaP vaccine protects against three serious diseases. Tetanus is an infection caused by bacteria that usually enter the body through breaks in the skin. The bacteria produce a poison that causes painful muscle stiffness and lockjaw. It can be deadly. Whooping cough, or pertussis, is known for uncontrollable, violent coughing that often makes it hard to breathe. Babies may not cough very much or even at all.
However, babies may have long pauses in breathing. Since , states report tens of thousands of whooping cough cases each year in the United States. Flu is a potentially serious, contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. It can lead to hospitalization and even death. Every year, millions of people get the flu, hundreds of thousands of people are hospitalized, and thousands or tens of thousands of people die from flu-related causes.
Flu vaccination can reduce the risk of flu-associated death in children by nearly half, according to a recent CDC study. CDC recommends that everyone 6 months and older get a yearly seasonal flu vaccine by the end of October, if possible, to ensure the best available protection against flu. Children 6 months through 8 years getting vaccinated for the first time and those who have only previously gotten one dose of vaccine should get two doses of flu vaccine, spaced at least 28 days apart.
Measles, mumps, and rubella MMR vaccine protects against three serious diseases. Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that lives in the nose and throat mucus of an infected person. It can cause a fever that can get very high, a distinctive rash, a cough, a runny nose, and red eyes. In some cases, it can also cause diarrhea and ear infection. It typically starts with a fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite.
Mumps is pretty mild in most people but can sometimes cause lasting problems, such as deafness; meningitis swelling of the tissue covering the brain and spinal cord ; and swelling of the brain, testicles, ovaries, or breasts. Rubella can cause miscarriage or serious birth defects in a developing baby if a woman is infected while she is pregnant. Infected children can spread rubella to pregnant women. Polio is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus that can invade the brain and spinal cord.
With vaccination, polio has been eliminated in the United States, but it is still a threat in some other countries. Starting School : Ages 4 through 6 Why Vaccinate? Starting School: Ages 4 Through 6 From ages 4 through 6, your child needs additional doses of some vaccines, as well as a flu vaccine every year. Chickenpox Learn about varicella vaccine Close. About chickenpox: Chickenpox is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus VZV.
Symptoms can include an itchy rash of blisters, tiredness, and a fever. CDC recommends two doses of chickenpox vaccine: At 12 through 15 months At 4 through 6 years. About diphtheria: Diphtheria is a serious infection caused by bacteria that spread through coughing and sneezing.
Diphtheria causes a thick covering in the back of the nose or throat. It can lead to difficulty breathing, heart failure, paralysis, and even death.
About tetanus: Tetanus is an infection caused by bacteria that usually enter the body through breaks in the skin. About pertussis whooping cough : Whooping cough, or pertussis, is known for uncontrollable, violent coughing that often makes it hard to breathe. It is highly contagious and can be deadly to babies.
Flu Learn about flu vaccine Close. About the flu:. Flu vaccine recommendations:. About measles: Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that lives in the nose and throat mucus of an infected person. It can also lead to lung infection pneumonia , brain damage, deafness, and death. About mumps: Mumps is caused by a virus that spreads through coughing and sneezing.
About rubella: Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. It can cause a rash or fever, but many people have no symptoms. At 12 through 15 months At 4 through 6 years. Infants 6 through 11 months old should have one dose of MMR vaccine before traveling abroad. About polio: Polio is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus that can invade the brain and spinal cord.
It can cause lifelong paralysis and even death. See full schedule. Did you know? Print Vaccine Guide. Share this interactive guide with family and friends: Facebook Twitter Email.