What Are the Causes of Low Magnesium & Potassium?
Jul 11, · Low potassium (hypokalemia) has many causes. The most common cause is excessive potassium loss in urine due to prescription medications that increase urination. Also known as water pills or diuretics, these types of medications are often prescribed for people who have high blood pressure or heart disease. Potassium supplements are generally prescribed for low potassium levels. If the situation is severe, potassium might be given as an intravenous (IV) solution. If there is a condition that causes the hypokalemia, such as low levels of magnesium or an overactive thyroid, the other condition must be treated also. What foods provide potassium?
Clearly Potassium impacts vital functions of our bodies. So what would cause you to have low potassium levels a condition known as Hypokalemia in what is the cut off salary for working tax credits body?
Potassium is a micronutrient and electrolyte that works with sodium in your body to distribute and maintain the fluid balance on both sides of the cell wall. It is absorbed into the body through your intestines and is stored for use in the kidneys and cells.
Healthy potassium levels are essential for maintaining nerve transmission, proper fluid balance in your body, and even a proper heartbeat. Medication sides effect: Some medications for illnesses like asthma or emphysema can lower your Potassium levels. An inadequate intake of Magnesium or absorption issues in the body can produce low levels of Potassium.
Although less common, low sodium issues in the body from a low salt diet or inadequate absorption will also require less Potassium. A medical illness: Both Leukemia and Hyperaldosteronism producing too much Aldosterone in the pituitary gland often lead to low Potassium levels in the blood. Decreased food intake, a low Potassium diet, or malnutrition: These conditions can all cause low Potassium levels. The body has difficulty shifting Potassium across the cell leaving less in the blood: Insulin users and people with a how to make a baby backpack disorder called Alkalosis can show signs of low Potassium because their bodies may have difficulty at the cellular function level.
Although potassium rich foods are an excellent source for our bodies, the effectiveness of potassium supplements is still in question and the possible interactions with medications present a serious concern. Always consult your doctor before adding a supplement to your diet. Success Story. The duress of long work days an Share your posts or keep them private. Personalize your blog however you want. Receive comments from other users. Start your Blog! All Recipes. Sometimes we all want a fast-food cheat.
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Mar 04, · Hypokalemia is a low level of potassium in your blood. Potassium helps control how your muscles, heart, and digestive system work. Hypokalemia occurs when your body loses too much potassium or does not absorb enough from food. Oct 12, · There are many different reasons you could have low potassium levels. It may be because too much potassium is leaving through your digestive tract. It’s usually a . As long as there are no metabolic or digestive problems present, the most common problem that causes low potassium is simply not getting enough in foods. Since potassium is a water soluble vitamin and gets excreted into the urine and stool, you must get potassium every single day in your food in order to meet your needs.
Maintaining proper potassium and magnesium levels is essential because they contribute to many basic bodily functions such as heart, muscle and nerve function, as well as digestive health.
Potassium and magnesium deficiency can be caused by diuretics, excessive alcohol use and certain medications. Low potassium and magnesium levels can be caused by diuretics and some medications, as well as excessive alcohol use, intestinal ailments and a variety of other health conditions. Potassium is an electrolyte that is an important part of keeping your muscles, nerves and heart working well. It is also important for digestive and bone health.
Electrolytes are minerals in your blood and other body fluids that carry an electric charge. Normal levels of potassium range from 3. Usually, levels under 2. The most common cause of low potassium, or hypokalemia , is excessive potassium loss through urination due to prescription medications that increase urination. Also known as water pills, or diuretics, these types of medications are often prescribed for people who have high blood pressure or heart disease.
Low potassium levels are sometimes caused by insufficient potassium in the diet. Mild cases of low potassium might not cause symptoms, but more severe cases might exhibit themselves via muscle twitches, muscle cramps or weakness, muscle paralysis, abnormal heart rhythms and kidney problems. Magnesium, a mineral, is essential to many functions in the body, including the metabolism — the physical and chemical processes in the body that convert and use energy.
Every organ in the body, especially the heart, muscles, and kidneys, needs magnesium. Magnesium also contributes to the makeup of teeth and bones. Low magnesium levels in the blood, or hypomagnesemia, exhibits through symptoms including abnormal eye movements, convulsions, fatigue, muscle spasms or cramps, muscle weakness and numbness.
The normal range for magnesium is 1. The Cleveland Clinic notes that one of the first visible symptoms of lowered magnesium is fatigue. Muscle spasms, weakness or stiffness, loss of appetite and nausea are other common symptoms in the early stages of depletion, although you may not notice any symptoms at first.
Read more: Difference Between Magnesium and Manganese. Low potassium levels are diagnosed with a blood test. Potassium supplements are typically prescribed if you have low potassium levels. If the situation is severe, potassium might be given as an intravenous solution. If an underlying condition exists that causes the hypokalemia, such as excessive urination or an overactive thyroid, it must also be treated. The recommended daily allowance for potassium is 4, mg.
Food sources are the best way to keep potassium levels at their desired amount. These include apricots, bananas, beans, beef, broccoli, chicken, fish, lentils, milk, nuts, fresh spinach , tomatoes and zucchini, among many other fruits and vegetables.
If you suspect your magnesium level is low, your doctor will prescribe a blood test. Depending on the results, you may have to take a magnesium supplement until you are back to normal. The recommended daily allowance for magnesium intake is mg.
To maintain healthy magnesium levels , get your daily amount through food sources. Choose green leafy vegetables such as spinach, as well as avocados, bananas, tofu, legumes, nuts, seeds and whole grains. Magnesium is also added to some breakfast cereals and other fortified foods. Tap, mineral and bottled waters can also be sources of magnesium, but the amount of magnesium in water varies by source and brand.
Read more: Symptoms of Potassium Overdose. Nutrition Nutrition Basics Vitamins and Supplements. By Nicole Spiridakis Updated September 30, Claudia is a registered dietitian with a PhD in physical activity, nutrition and wellness. She is an expert in intuitive eating and nutrition science. Nicole Spiridakis.
Nicole Spiridakis is a writer and editor with over 15 years of editorial experience. She writes mainly about food, cooking, and living a healthy, active lifestyle. Her cookbook, "Flourless. Low potassium and magnesium levels can be caused by diuretics and some medications. Tip Low potassium and magnesium levels can be caused by diuretics and some medications, as well as excessive alcohol use, intestinal ailments and a variety of other health conditions.
Low Potassium Causes. Other causes of potassium loss include:. Excessive alcohol use Chronic kidney disease Diabetic ketoacidosis Diarrhea Excessive laxative use Excessive sweating Folic acid deficiency Primary aldosteronism Some antibiotic use Vomiting.
Low Magnesium Causes. Causes of magnesium loss include:. Excessive alcohol use Burns that affect a large area of the body Chronic diarrhea Excessive urination polyuria , such as in uncontrolled diabetes and during recovery from acute kidney failure High blood calcium level hypercalcemia Hyperaldosteronism a disorder in which the adrenal gland releases too much of the hormone aldosterone into the blood Malabsorption syndromes, such as celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease Malnutrition Medicines including amphotericin, cisplatin, cyclosporine, diuretics, proton pump inhibitors and aminoglycoside antibiotics Sweating.
Low Potassium and Magnesium Treatment. Could It Be Magnesium Deficiency?