Battle of the Alamo
The Alamo should be remembered as the place where the Mexican Army, under command of General Antonio Lopez De Santa Anna, stormed a former Mexican mission defended by a band of Texans fighting for their independence. May 03, · Delegate for Independence After the first Battle of the Alamo in , in which Anglos and Tejanos defeated Mexican General Martin Perfecto de Author: American Experience.
Travis are a few of the famous people who died at the Alamo. Frontiersman Crockett, known for his coonskin cap, had been a U. Fighter and frontiersman Bowie initially became famous for a knife fight; the Bowie knife is named for him. Travis was a lawyer and lieutenant colonel in the Texas Fanous. The Battle of the Alamo lasted for 13 days, culminating in an assault on the Alamo Mission on March 6, Crockett, Bowie and Famus were stationed at the Mission, and though Travis repeatedly famus more troops and supplies to help in their fight, very few arrived to help fend off the estimated 1, encroaching Mexicans who swarmed the Mission, killing all Texan fighters.
The Battle of the Alamo proved a turning point in the Texas Revolution. Mexican General Santa What are the songs played in project x ordered the execution of all survivors, and news of his barbarism toward those at the Alamo caused many people to join the Texan Army.
Faamous the battle cry of "Remember the Alamo," Texan forces defeated the Mexican Army on April 21,ending the revolution. What Famous People Died at the Alamo? More From Reference. What Is Aristocracy?
Who survived the Alamo?
Mar 25, · he Alamo Cenotaph, also known as the Spirit of Sacrifice, is a monument in San Antonio, Texas, United States, commemorating the Battle of the Alamo, which was fought at . The Alamo, a stone monument to Anglo westward expansion, was originally built as a Catholic mission for the purpose of converting Mesoamerican Indians living near the growing town of San Antonio. The name "Alamo" came from Spanish cavalry members, who nicknamed the mission after their own village of Alamo de Parras. May 06, · The legendary frontiersman and former U.S. Congressman departed the United States for Texas because of his direct opposition to many of then-President Andrew Jackson’s Indian policies. His presence at the Alamo was a good morale boost for the outnumbered Texians, but it would not be enough to prevent them from being odishahaalchaal.com: Blake Stilwell.
When events become legendary, facts tend to get forgotten. Such is the case with the fabled Battle of the Alamo. Mexican general Santa Anna appeared in short order at the head of a massive army and laid siege to the Alamo. He attacked on March 6, , overrunning the approximately defenders in less than two hours. None of the defenders survived. Many myths and legends have grown about the Battle of the Alamo , but the facts often give a different account.
Mexico gained independence from Spain in , and at the time, Texas or rather Tejas was part of Mexico. In , Mexico's leaders wrote a federalist constitution, not much different from that of the United States, and thousands of people from the U.
The new colonists brought enslavement with them, and in , the Mexican government outlawed the practice, specifically to discourage that influx, since it was not an issue there. In , General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna took control of the Mexican government, and he annulled the constitution and set up centralist control.
Some Texians and Tejanos wanted the federalist constitution back, some wanted centralist control to be based in Mexico: That was the main basis for the turmoil in Texas, not independence. San Antonio was captured by rebellious Texans in December General Sam Houston felt that holding San Antonio was impossible and unnecessary, as most of the settlements of the rebellious Texans were far to the east.
Houston sent Jim Bowie to San Antonio: his orders were to destroy the Alamo and return with all of the men and artillery stationed there. Once he saw the fort's defenses, Bowie decided to ignore Houston's orders, having become convinced of the need to defend the city.
The official commander of the Alamo was James Neill. He left on family matters, however, leaving in charge Lt. William Travis a ne'er-do-well and enslaver who had no military reputation before the Alamo. The problem was that about half of the men there were not enlisted soldiers, but volunteers who technically could come, go, and do as they pleased.
These men only listened to Jim Bowie, who disliked Travis and often refused to follow his orders. This tense situation was resolved by three events: the advance of a common enemy the Mexican army , the arrival of the charismatic and famous Davy Crockett who proved very skilled at defusing the tension between Travis and Bowie , and Bowie's illness just before the battle. Seeing the massive Mexican army on their doorstep, the Texan defenders hastily retreated to the well-fortified Alamo.
During the first couple of days, however, Santa Anna made no attempt to seal the exits from the Alamo and the town: the defenders could very easily have slipped away in the night if they had so desired. But they remained, trusting their defenses and their skill with their lethal long rifles. In the end, it would not be enough. Lieutenant Travis sent repeated requests to Col. James Fannin in Goliad about 90 miles to the east for reinforcements, and he had no reason to suspect that Fannin would not come.
Every day during the siege, the defenders of the Alamo looked for Fannin and his men, but they never arrived. Fannin had decided that the logistics of reaching the Alamo in time were impossible, and in any event, his or so men would not make a difference against the Mexican army and its 2, soldiers. There were many native Texans—Mexican nationals referred to as Tejanos—who joined the movement and fought every bit as bravely as their Anglo companions.
Both sides included prominent Mexican citizens. Among the men in Travis's forces who died were 13 native-born Texans, 11 of Mexican descent.
Santa Anna's forces included a mix of former Spanish citizens, Spanish-Mexican criollos and mestizos, and several indigenous young men sent from the interior of Mexico.
Many of the defenders of the Alamo believed in independence for Texas, but their leaders had not declared independence from Mexico yet. It was on March 2, , that delegates meeting in Washington-on-the-Brazos formally declared independence from Mexico. Meanwhile, the Alamo had been under siege for days, and it fell early on March 6, with the defenders never knowing that independence had been formally declared a few days before.
Although Texas declared itself an independent republic in , the Mexican state did not recognize Texas until the signing of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in Davy Crockett, a famous frontiersman and former U.
Crockett's fate is unclear. According to Jose Enrique de la Pefia, one of Santa Anna's officers, a handful of prisoners, including Crockett, were taken after the battle and put to death. The mayor of San Antonio, however, claimed to have seen Crockett dead among the other defenders, and he had met Crockett before the battle.
Whether he fell in battle or was captured and executed, Crockett fought bravely and did not survive the Battle of the Alamo. According to legend, fort commander William Travis drew a line in the sand with his sword and asked all of the defenders who were willing to fight to the death to cross it: only one man refused.
Legendary frontiersman Jim Bowie, suffering from a debilitating illness, asked to be carried over the line. This famous story shows the dedication of the Texans to fight for their freedom.
The only problem? The story runs, that this one man, Rose by name, who refused to step over the line, did make his escape that night. He reported the events Not everyone in the fort was killed.
Most of the survivors were women, children, servants, and enslaved people. Among them was Susanna W. Dickinson, widow of Capt.
Almeron Dickinson and her infant daughter, Angelina: Dickinson later reported the fall of the post to Sam Houston in Gonzales. Still, many of his officers believed he had paid too high a price. Some Mexican soldiers died in the battle, compared to roughly rebellious Texans. Furthermore, the brave defense of the Alamo caused many more rebels to join the Texan army. And in the end, Santa Anna lost the war, going down in defeat within six weeks.
Some men reportedly deserted the Alamo and ran off in the days before the battle. As the Texans were facing the whole Mexican army, desertions are not surprising. Rather, what is surprising is that some men snuck into the Alamo in the days before the fatal attack. On March 1, 32 brave men from the town of Gonzales made their way through enemy lines to reinforce the defenders at the Alamo. Two days later, on March 3, James Butler Bonham, who had been sent out by Travis with a call for reinforcements, crept back into the Alamo, his message delivered.
Bonham and the men from Gonzales all died during the battle. After the Alamo battle, the soldiers under Sam Houston's command were the only obstacle between Santa Anna's attempt to reincorporate Texas into Mexico.
Houston was indecisive, lacking a clear plan to meet the Mexican army, but by either chance or design, he met Santa Anna at San Jacinto on April 21, overtaking his forces and capturing him as he retreated south. Houston's men were the first to shout.
In early April , Santa Anna had the structural elements of the Alamo burned, and the site was left in ruins for the next several decades, as Texas became first a republic, then a state.
It was rebuilt by Maj. Babbitt in , but then the Civil War interrupted. They and the Daughters of the Republic of Texas started a movement to rebuild the monument to its configuration. The small 63 feet wide and 33 feet tall adobe structure known as the Alamo was started in as a stone and mortar church for the Spanish Catholic Mission San Antonio de Valero. The church was still not completed when it was transferred to civil authorities in It was finished when Spanish troops arrived in but it was used as a hospital.
About this time it was renamed the Alamo "cottonwood" in Spanish , after the Spanish military company that occupied it. In , it finally became the permanent quarters for a garrison of men, under the direction of Anastacio Bustamante, the captain general of the Provincias Internas. At the time of the Battle of the Alamo, however, the structure had become dilapidated.
Martin Perfecto de Cos at Bexar arrived in late and put the Alamo into "fort fashion" by building a dirt ramp up to the top rear of the church wall and covering it with planks. He installed an pounder cannon and mounted a half-dozen other cannons.
Share Flipboard Email. Christopher Minster. Professor of History and Literature. Christopher Minster, Ph. Updated March 25, Fast Facts: The Battle of the Alamo Short Description: The Alamo was the site of a battle that took place during Texas's bid for independence from Mexico: All defenders were killed, but within six weeks the opposition leader, Santa Anna, was captured. Cite this Article Format. Minster, Christopher.
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