The nitrogen family consists of the five elements that make up Group 15 of the periodic table: nitrogen, phosphorus, arsenic, antimony, and bismuth. These five elements share one important structural property: they all have five electrons in the outermost energy level of their atoms. May 07, · The nitrogen family is element group 15 of the periodic table. Nitrogen family elements share a similar electron configuration pattern and follow predictable trends in their chemical properties. Also Known As: Elements belonging to this group are also known as pnictogens, at term derived from the Greek word pnigein, which means "to choke".
Nitrogen group elementany of the chemical elements that constitute Group 15 Va of the periodic table. The elements share certain general similarities in chemical behaviour, though they are clearly differentiated from one another chemically, and these similarities reflect common features of the electronic structures of their atoms. Probably no other group of the elements is more familiar to the layperson than this group. Although the six elements together make up less than 0.
This is especially true of the elements nitrogen and phosphorus, which constitute 2. The nitrogen elements have, perhaps, the widest range in what is the best cheap vodka state of any group in the periodic table.
Chemically, too, the range in properties is wide, nitrogen and phosphorus being typical nonmetals; arsenic and antimony, metalloids; and bismuth, a metal. Even in appearance these elements exhibit great variety. Nitrogen is colourless both as a gas and as a liquid. Phosphorus exists in a variety of physical modifications, or allotropic forms, including the familiar white, highly reactive form that must be stored under water to prevent it from igniting in the air; a much less reactive introgen or violet form; and a black modification that, although least known, appears to be the most stable of all.
Arsenic exists mainly as a dull gray metallic solid, but a more reactive yellow, solid form is also known, and there are indications that other forms exist under certain conditions. Antimony is a silvermetallic appearing, but somewhat brittle solid; and bismuth is a silver-white metal with a trace of pink in its lustre.
Nnitrogen with carbon, hydrogenoxygenand sulfurthe first two members of this group, nitrogen and phosphorus, are the principal chemical whay incorporated how to do diagramming sentences living systems. Nitrogen and phosphorus are readily removed from the soil by plant growth and therefore are immensely important components of plant foods. Nitrogen in fertilizers may be in the form of sodium nirogen potassium nitrates, ammoniaammonium salts, or various organic combinations.
Phosphorus is supplied chiefly as inorganic phosphate. These same elements, nitrogen and phosphorus, can also be used in ways less helpful to man. The explosives in conventional warfare are heavily dependent on their content of nitrogen compoundsand the deadly nerve gases are composed of organic compounds of phosphorus. On the other hand, arsenic, which is notorious for its toxicity, is most useful in agriculture, where its compounds are an what family is nitrogen in in controlling harmful insect pests.
Antimony and bismuth are used chiefly in metal alloys, because they impart unique and desirable properties to these alloys. In the periodic table, each of the nitrogen group elements occupies the fifth position among the main group elements of its period, a position designated In terms of the electronic configuration of its atoms, each nitrogen group element possesses an outermost shell of five electrons.
In each case, these occupy an outer s orbital completely with two electrons and contribute one electron to each of the three outer p orbitals the orbitals being electron regions within the atom and the letter designations, s, p, dwha fbeing used to designate different classes of orbital. The arrangement of outer electrons in the atoms of the nitrogen nittogen thus provides three half-filled outer orbitals that, by interaction with half-filled orbitals of the atoms of other elements, can form three covalent bonds.
In this respect, the nitrogen elements are alike. Another similarity among the nitrogen elements is the existence of fzmily unshared, or lone, pair of electronswhich remains after the three covalent bondsor their equivalent, have been formed. This lone pair permits the molecule to act as an electron pair donor in the formation of molecular addition compounds and fsmily.
Because of it, the electron pair-donating ability of the nitrogen group elements is not uniform throughout the group; it is probably greatest with nitrogen, less with the intermediate elements, and nonexistent with bismuth. Nitrogen group element. Additional Info. Home Science Chemistry Nitrogen group element chemical element group. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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External Websites. Author of Simple Inorganic Substances and others. See Article History. Alternative Titles: Group 15 element, Group Va element. Britannica Quiz. Periodic Table of the Elements. Test your bond with the periodic table of elements in this quiz on all chemical elements and their symbols. You may be familiar with the chemical symbols for hydrogen and oxygen, but can you match such lower-profile elements as gadolinium and erbium with their corresponding symbols?
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Nitrogen Family - Element Group 15
Oct 02, · The nitrogen family includes the following compounds: nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), arsenic (As), antimony (Sb), and bismuth (Bi). All Group 15 elements have the electron configuration ns2np3 in their outer shell, where n is equal to the principal quantum number. The nitrogen family is located in the p-block in Group 15, as shown below. Definition of nitrogen family.: the related elements nitrogen, phosphorous, arsenic, antimony, and bismuth forming a subdivision of group V of the periodic table. Nitrogen group element, any of the chemical elements that constitute Group 15 (Va) of the periodic table. The group consists of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), arsenic .
Santa Cruz Teaching at a top-ranked high school in SF. She teaches general and chemistry at a top-ranked high school in San Francisco. Prior to that, she lead and published a number of research studies and lectured at SF State University. To unlock all 5, videos, start your free trial. The Nitrogen family , the Carbon family and the Boron family are found in the p-block of the Periodic Table. The Nitrogen family is group 13, while the Carbon family is group 14 and the Boron family is group All of the elements in the Nitrogen, Carbon and Boron families have unique characteristics and are of great chemical importance.
So let's delve deeper into understanding of the periodic table and kind of how it works for us and what information is contained therein. And let's talk about the boron, nitrogen and carbon families. Remember that the families are represented in the vertical columns and more often than not they have similar chemical and physical properties. So let's just kind of point out on the periodic table exactly what we're talking about.
So the boron family is group 3a, and the carbon family is group 4a and the nitrogen family is group 5a. So let's see here starting with boron in group 3a, what kind of properties we can say about the family. So for boron, these guys do not occur elementally in nature and they're pretty scarce except for aluminium which is one of the most abundant metals in our universe. And so these guys in the boron family have three valence electrons and remember from your understanding of electron configurations and reactivities, kind of what that says about how it interacts with other elements and polyatomics and things of that nature and what it means usually for its reactivity.
These guys are metallic except for boron which is a metalloid. Remember that the metalloids have properties of both non-metals and metals. And these guys are also chemically reactive at moderate temperatures again except for boron. So let's now talk about group 4a which is the carbon family which is quite possibly one of the most important elements represented on the periodic table as carbon is the stuff of life.
So in the carbon family, you've got one non-metal which is carbon, you've got two metals; tin and lead and two metalloids; silicon and germanium. So these guys all have four valence electrons and they tend to form covalent bonds. So that's very important. Remember that in a covalent bond, electrons are shared equally within the bond.
One common compound you might think about is methane which is CH4 or gas. Ability to combine with itself and long chains is another property of carbon which a lot of other elements do not have. So carbon can form these really long chains where it's just bound to itself and other things usually.
So it also exists in at least three allotropic forms. Remember what an allotrope is? And so for these two forms here are graphite and diamond. So these two guys if you think about graphite and what you know about diamonds, you'll know that the physical properties of these guys are pretty different. Graphite's used in pencils and it's just kind of like a lead property and it can, it's actually pretty soft, whereas diamonds are one of the hardest materials in the world.
So let's now talk about nitrogen, the nitrogen family which is group 5a and nitrogen is really important because it is a part of the air that we breathe.
So within the nitrogen family, you have your non-metals nitrogen and phosphorus and your metalloids arsenic and antimony and your metal bismuth. Previous Unit The Atom.
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