Silver Mark Identification
It stands for "International Silver," a cartel of silverware manufacturers formed in by 14 silver producers, the largest of which were Holmes and Edwards, Meriden Britannia, and Rogers Brothers.. The IS marking does not give any indication about the purity or value of the silver. May 18, · What does the E and P mean? I thought it might stand for electroplate. We really don't know the answer but we found this review on eBay, SILVER BY GORHAM MARKED E P.
In Part I, I gave a brief history of the development of the British silverplating industry in the 18th and 19th centuries. Now I would like to offer some tips on how to determine whether a given object is silver, Old Sheffield Plate or silverplate. In England silver has been marked in some manner since the 12th century when it was first regulated by Parliament.
The marks made it possible to trace the maker and the place of manufacture. This helped to protect the consumer, for if it was determined that the silver object was not actually pure enough to be marked as silver, the culprit could be found and punishment could be meted out.
As silver objects made before are quite rare, I shall restrict my comments to those made after that date. In Parliament established the standard for purity for sterling silver and instituted a mark indicating that an item is of sufficient purity to be deemed sterling. That standard means an item is made of The mark is a Lion Passant -the image of a lion walking, facing left. You may be sure that an object bearing this mark is English sterling silver made after In addition to the Lion Passant there what does ep mean on silver other marks which give more information about the sterling silver object.
There is a mark which will tell you in what city it was assayed i. Another mark will give the year that the item was assayed generally speaking the year it was made -these are letters in a shield device. Each year is represented by a different letter of the alphabet.
The shape of the shield changed over time; the facetype of the letter changed over time; whether the letter was capitalized or not changed over time. All of these details enable one to determine date of manufacture. Then there are makers marksusually only letters which will identify the maker. See Figure 1. If you look at a piece of English silver how to configure cisco asa in gns3 wonder if it is sterling or if it is plated, it is easy: if it has the Lion Passant, it is sterling; if it does not have the Lion Passant, it is not.
If it is English Sterling silver you should be able to determine the year it was made, in what city it was assayed, you will probably also be able to determine who the maker is, although those lists are far from complete.
See Figure 2. To determine if a piece is Old Sheffield Plate or silverplate there are many clues. There were untold numbers of silverplaters in the 19th century and much of the information about the smaller manufacturers has been lost. The lists in these mark books are incomplete at best, but they do provide a starting point which is very helpful.
Many factories changed their mark over time, so it is possible to approximately date a what radio stations is michael savage on by the mark itself. Figure 3. In the case of one manufacturer, Elkington, their pieces were so completely marked that you will know what year the item was made, but this is unusual for silverplaters.
Most Old Sheffield Plate is not marked but a great deal of silverplate is also not marked so lack of any marking is not definitive. Most of what is generally available in the marketplace how to make redness of pimple go away is silverplate, but Old Sheffield plated wares are still around. Since Old Sheffield Plate is made like a sandwich with silver being the bread and copper being the filling, look to the edges for clues.
If when you turn over a piece, there is a thread-like silver protuberance on the underside of the edge, then it is Old Sheffield Plate see Figure 4. If it is absolutely smooth, then it is silverplate.
If there is a telltale seam where two ends were put together, often copper is showing through at this seamthen you have Old Sheffield Plate see Figure 5. If it were silverplate, it would be smooth. If you are looking at a piece that is initialed or has the coat of arms of the owner engraved on the front of the object, you might see a faint, usually round circle that surrounds the engraving.
This usually indicates that the piece is Old Sheffield Plate and a sterling silver circle was inlaid into it. One further note about marking: These marks are quite small and can be hard to find. Sometimes they are on the back of an item, but occasionally on the front or on an edge. It can be difficult to read the marks when over time they become worn down with polishing. In other instances upon replating the details of the marks are completely lost.
Figure 1. Seam on Old Sheffield Plate Wine Coaster If you are looking at a piece that is initialed or has the coat of arms of the owner engraved on the front of the object, you might see a faint, usually round circle that surrounds the engraving. The orange is copper that is now showing through as the silver is wearing. The center inlaid sterling circle shows no wear.
Old Sheffield Plate; halo around the initials which denotes the edge of sterling silver inlay One further note about marking: These marks are quite small and can be hard to find.
There's two ounces per gross of teaspoons for A1, and three ounces for AA. EPNS: Electroplated nickel silver, commonly known as "EPNS", is an alloy of nickel, copper, and zinc that's covered with a layer of pure silver in an electrochemical process. Nickel's resemblance to silver helps disguise any worn spots that develop over time. Silver plate or electroplate is formed when a thin layer of pure or sterling silver is deposited electrolytically on the surface of a base metal. By , scientists in Britain and Russia had independently devised metal deposition processes similar to Brugnatelli's for the copper electroplating of printing press plates. Apr 03, · These marks mean electroplated, developed in the US around the Civil War by William Rogers: EPNS Electroplate on Nickel Silver. EPC Electroplate on Copper. EPWM Electroplate on White Metal. EPBM Electroplate on Britannia Metal. EPNS-WMM Electroplate .
EPC Electroplate on Copper. Denmark Three Towers European Free Trade Symbol of Scales with Italy Profile Facing Left with Number 1,2, or 3; Sweden 3 Crowns in Cloverleaf or letter S within a Hexagon. FLEX Silver has a spring to it. You can also dent sterling a lot easier than denting silverplate, so be careful. RING Silver will ring-similar to cut glass. This works for coins, but not really good for tableware. For coins, hold the coin in the middle with one hand and ping it with the other.
It should ring. HEFT This is kind of like intuitive reasoning. Once you have handled enough silver you will have an idea of what the weight should be, based on past experience. Not very conclusive. SEE Markings are the best indicator of whether the object is silver or not, unless it is fake. Then you might need an invasive test to confirm. Tip: Sometimes polishing an item will reveal hidden markings, repairs, wear, and other indications of metal content. Britannia Silver A silver alloy of high standard-usually Champleve Cuts into surface filled with enamel then polished.
Diet A small sample scraped from a piece for purpose of assay. Embossing Raising designs on silver from the reverse side by hammering similar to repousse. Engraving Cutting a design into a piece using an engraving tool. Hollowware Items that are not flatware but hollow bowls, vases, etc.
Ingot Bar of metal. Matting Punching of dots to produce a rough surface. Niello Black inlay used as decorative markings in silver. Parcel Gilt Only part of article is treated with gilding. Plique-a-jour Transparent enamel without a backing, enclosed within metal frames, imitates stained glass.
Vermeil Gilded silver, same as gilding. Send me a photo of the mark. You have all 5 English hallmarks identifying a piece of silver.
Hi there would you be able to give me your advice on which of my three tea sets is most valuable? One is a PNS the other two are silverplate. Thank you. Can I send a picture of a silver ladle with symbols stamped on it in order to determine the value?
I can help identify it. Valuation is another matter since an appraisal involves a lot of things and takes more time, but I can let you know what the costs might be depending on the intended use.
Silver mark is generally used in Germany to denote silver sterling. I have a large silver platter that looks to be handcrafted. Above these stamps are the numbers 6 4. What do you think?
It would be good to see the trademark, but the markings EPNS stand for electroplated nickel silver, not silver sterling. The numbers are probably a stock number. I will assist in the identification. Valuation is a separate process which we charge for accordingly.
I have an old silver looking stand with a handle that has the number 13 on the bottom can u tell me if that has any significance. Thank you for your help. Silver Mark Identification. About Author. He is the co-presenter of Appraising the Appraisal — a professional development seminar for insurance agents, claims managers, and trust officers, and is a Panel Member of the American Arbitration Association Read More.
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