What bacteria causes stomach flu

By Tuzilkree | 08.10.2020

what bacteria causes stomach flu

What to Do When Your Stomach Bug Wont Go Away

Do flu viruses cause viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu)? Although some people call viral gastroenteritis stomach flu, influenza (flu) viruses do not cause viral gastroenteritis. Flu viruses cause infections of the respiratory system, while viral gastroenteritis is an infection of the odishahaalchaal.com: () Oct 05, Numerous bacteria can cause gastroenteritis, including: yersinia, found in pork staphylococcus, found in dairy products, meat, and eggs shigella, found in water (often swimming pools).

If you have a stomach bug that is lasting for weeks or monthsit could be post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.

Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. However, in some cases, the effects linger for weeks or months even after a person is no longer vomiting or having severe symptoms after a bad bout with a virus or food poisoning. This condition is known as post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome IBS. Kirsh says. The symptoms of post-infectious IBS develop after an infectious GI bug such as viral gastroenteritis or a bacterial infection like E.

Symptoms last for weeks, months or sometimes even a year. Why it tends to linger is unclear, Dr. Altering your diet can help relieve symptoms of post-infectious IBS. But keep in mind dietary remedies vary by patient. For example, some people may find benefits from limiting wheat products. Others may need to stop eating dairy. The diet recommends eliminating certain sugars that are difficult to digest. So work with your doctor to find the best option for you. If you have post-infectious IBS, your doctor may recommend probiotics.

These supplements help repopulate the small intestine with healthy flora, Dr. A doctor might also prescribe antispasmodics or recommend antidiarrheal medications, how to make sugar free syrup with stevia of which are available over the counter.

Depending on the severity of the case, a doctor might order a blood test. Depending on your symptoms, some patients may undergo further testing for celiac disease or receive an endoscopy or colonoscopytoo. Share this article via email with one or more people using the form below. Send me expert insights each week in Health Essentials News. Learn more about vaccine availability. Advertising Policy.

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You can get sick from bacteria, parasites, toxins and viruses. Viruses are the most common cause of so-called stomach flu. Norovirus is often the culprit for adults, while rotavirus is frequently to blame for stomach flu in children. These viruses mostly infect the lining of the small intestine. Feb 03, Although not as common, bacteria such as E. coli and salmonella can also trigger the stomach flu. Salmonellaand campylobacter bacteria are the most common bacterial causes of gastroenteritis in the. Oct 13, H. pylori can also spread through contact with contaminated water or food. The bacteria are believed to cause stomach problems when they penetrate the .

Gastroenteritis is inflammation irritation of your intestines. Although most people report stomach pain, gastroenteritis can also involve your small intestines and colon. Stomach flu is common. More than 20 million people get sick each year in the U. Viruses are the most common cause of stomach flu. Anyone can come down with stomach flu. You can get sick from bacteria, parasites, toxins and viruses. Viruses are the most common cause of so-called stomach flu.

Norovirus is often the culprit for adults, while rotavirus is frequently to blame for stomach flu in children. These viruses mostly infect the lining of the small intestine. The main symptom of gastroenteritis is diarrhea. When the GI tract becomes infected during gastroenteritis, multiple activities from the virus brings on diarrhea. Malabsorption occurs because of the destruction of the gut cells called enterocytes. The virus can also disrupt the reasbsorption of water and induce secretory diarrhea, which is responsible for the loose liquidy stools.

You might get a fever when you have stomach flu. A fever can be a sign that your body is fighting an infection. You may feel sweaty, clammy or have the chills. You may also get a headache or ache all over your body. In general, most people recover quickly from the stomach flu.

Symptoms can be worse in babies, young children, older adults or anyone of any age that is immune-compromised. Vomiting and diarrhea can cause dehydration not enough water in the body within just a short period of time, depending on the circumstances. Signs of dehydration include:. In some people, the stomach flu symptoms may be more pronounced at night due to their circadian rhythm. At night an increase in immune system activity releases infection-fighting chemicals.

These can cause inflammation that make you feel worse as you battle your flu. Viral stomach flu spreads easily to others. You can catch a stomach flu virus any time of the year, but the common norovirus is more widespread from November to April when people tend to be more indoors. Because a variety of viruses can cause stomach flu, you might get different versions of gastroenteritis many times throughout life. Also call your healthcare provider if you have:. Healthcare providers often can diagnose stomach flu from your symptoms.

But your provider may want to rule out other illnesses with some tests:. The most important things you can do to feel better faster are rest and staying well hydrated. Between diarrhea and vomiting, your body loses a lot of water and electrolytes. If your belly is still upset, you can take small, frequent sips of water, sports drinks, juice or broth, or chew on ice chips.

Eat a normal diet when you feel hungry again. Children should follow the standard vaccination schedule and get the rotavirus vaccination when indicated. This vaccination can protect your child from getting sick from the rotovirus but not all children can receive this oral vaccination, so please check with your pediatrician before doing so.

Good handwashing is vital in stopping the spread. Viruses left on hands can easily spread to surfaces, food and people you touch. You can catch stomach flu from contaminated food or water, or pass it on to someone else.

To keep viruses out of your food:. Clean anything that you may have touched while you were sick with stomach flu. Wash laundry with hot water and dry with high heat. Be sure to use a disinfectant to clean areas where a sick person vomited or had diarrhea.

The stomach flu usually lasts less than a week. Be sure to stay home if you have symptoms, and continue to practice good handwashing afterward. Always wash your hands after having a bowel movement, and wash any soiled fabrics in hot soapy water.

Get plenty of rest and keep drinking lots of liquids until your symptoms pass. Drinks that have both sugar and salt like sports drinks help your intestine absorb fluids better and replace the lost electrolytes. Nibbling salty crackers along with ginger ale or a similar sweet drink could also help.

Instead, see your healthcare provider for treatment. Nearly everyone gets a bout of stomach flu at some point. Give yourself time to rest and recover before you go back to your daily activities. Fortunately you can take steps to avoid the likelihood of passing it on to others or picking it up again in the future. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.

Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Different stomach bugs germs are usually to blame for symptoms like diarrhea, stomach pain and feeling sick to your stomach. Appointments How common is stomach flu gastroenteritis?

Who gets stomach flu gastroenteritis? Nursing homes. Students living in dormitories. Military personnel. Psychiatric wards. Cruise-ship passengers. Travelers to less-developed countries. Anyone with immune compromised state. Symptoms and Causes What causes stomach flu gastroenteritis? What are the symptoms of stomach flu gastroenteritis? Abdominal belly pain or cramping. Nausea and vomiting. Headache and body aches. Can stomach flu cause a fever? Is the stomach flu worse in some people? Signs of dehydration include: Extreme thirst.

Less urine output than usual no wet diapers for three hours or more in infants. Urine that is darker in color. Sunken cheeks or eyes. Lightheadedness, dizziness upon standing. General weakness. Why does stomach flu hit at night? Is stomach flu gastroenteritis contagious?

Have close contact with someone who has stomach flu even if they have no symptoms. Diagnosis and Tests When should you see a doctor for stomach flu gastroenteritis? Also call your healthcare provider if you have: High fever. Bloody diarrhea. Severe pain. How is stomach flu diagnosed?

But your provider may want to rule out other illnesses with some tests: Stool samples: Tests look for bacteria, viruses or parasites in your stool Sigmoidoscopy: A doctor inserts a thin, flexible tube with a tiny camera from the anus into the lower large intestine to look for signs of inflammatory bowel disease.

Management and Treatment How can I get rid of stomach flu gastroenteritis? Prevention How can stomach flu gastroenteritis be prevented? Be careful with food You can catch stomach flu from contaminated food or water, or pass it on to someone else. To keep viruses out of your food: Clean kitchen surfaces with a disinfectant cleaner that kills germs , especially when working with raw meat or eggs.

Keep raw meat, eggs and poultry away from foods that are eaten raw. Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat, eggs and shellfish. Consume only pasteurized dairy products and apple juice. Pasteurization is a heating process that kills germs. Rinse fruits and vegetables before eating.

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