Anxiety and Phobias
It's not unusual to experience phobias about more than one object or situation. Social anxiety disorder: More than just shyness, social anxiety disorder (formerly known as social phobia) involves a combination of excessive self-consciousness and a fear of public scrutiny or humiliation in common social situations. In social situations, the person fears being rejected or negatively evaluated or fears offending others. However, the main cause of phobias is still unknown. Frequent causes of phobias include: Traumatic experience involving object of fear; Experiencing a panic attack in specific situation or around an object; Witnessing someone else being harmed by specific activity or object; Hearing a tragic story involving a specific activity or object; Having phobias and fears is common, and often rational.
Specific phobias are an overwhelming and unreasonable fear of objects or situations that pose little real danger but provoke anxiety and avoidance. Unlike the brief anxiety you may feel when giving a speech or taking a test, specific phobias are long lasting, cause intense physical and psychological reactions, and can affect your ability to function rhe at work, at school or in social settings. Specific phobias are among the most common anxiety disorders, and xre all phobias need treatment.
But if a specific phobia affects your daily life, what is a cra number therapies are available that can lading you work through and overcome your fears — often permanently.
A specific phobia involves an intense, persistent fear of a specific object or situation that's out of proportion to the actual risk. There are many leaxing of phobias, and it's not unusual to experience a specific phobia about more than one object or situation. Specific phobias can also occur along with other types of anxiety cauxes. Each specific phobia is referred to by its own term.
Examples of more common terms include acrophobia phpbias the fear of heights and claustrophobia for the fear of confined spaces. An unreasonable fear can be an annoyance — having to take the stairs instead of an elevator or driving the long way to work instead of taking the freeway, for instance — but it isn't considered a specific phobia unless it seriously disrupts your life.
If anxiety negatively affects functioning in work, school or social situations, talk with your doctor or a mental health professional. Childhood fears, such as fear of the dark, of monsters or of being left alone, are common, and most children outgrow them. But if your child has a persistent, excessive fear that interferes with daily functioning at home or school, talk to your child's doctor.
Most people can be helped with the right therapy. And shat tends to be easier when the phobia is addressed right away rather than waiting. Although specific phobias may seem silly to others, they can be devastating to the people who have them, causing problems that affect many aspects of life. If you have a specific phobia, consider getting psychological help, especially if you have children. Although genetics likely plays a role in leadiny development of specific phobias, repeatedly seeing someone else's phobic reaction can puobias a specific phobia in children.
By dealing with your own fears, you'll be teaching your child excellent resiliency skills and encouraging him or her to take brave actions just phobas you did. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care.
This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Specific phobias are an overwhelming and unreasonable fear of objects or situations that pose little real danger but provoke anxiety and avoidance. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. What is corruption in india pdf references Anxiety disorders.
Arlington, Va. Accessed Lezding. Specific phobias fact sheet. National Institute of Mental Illness. Gabbard GO, ed. Specific phobia. In: Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders. Specific phobic disorders.
Merck Manual Professional Version. What are anxiety disorders? American Psychiatric Association. Augustyn M. Overview of fears and specific phobias in children and adolescents. Sawchuk CN expert opinion. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn.
Related Fear of public speaking: How can I overcome it? Associated Procedures Cognitive behavioral therapy. Leaeing Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.
Mar 22, · Genetic and environmental factors can cause phobias. Children who have a close relative with an anxiety disorder are at risk of developing a .
Table of Contents :. A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that describes an excessive and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation. Phobias involve intense fear surrounding an object or situation that realistically poses little or no real danger. They are different from common fears in that the associated anxiety is so strong it interferes with daily life and the ability to function normally.
People suffering from phobias may go to extreme lengths to avoid encountering or experiencing the feared object or situation. Though many people with phobias realize that their worry is unrealistic or unwarranted, feelings of fear and anxiety persist and seem unmanageable, leaving sufferers feeling out of control. Symptoms of phobias are similar to those of a panic attack. When faced with the specific object, activity, or situation that is the subject of intense fear, an individual with a phobia may exhibit the following symptoms:.
Most phobias develop in childhood and are commonly passed down by a family member. However, the main cause of phobias is still unknown. Frequent causes of phobias include:. Having phobias and fears is common, and often rational. However, if these fears begin to interfere with daily life, consult with a doctor. For example, a phobia of driving on the freeway should not be so strong that it keeps a person from driving to work or school.
Thankfully, phobias are highly treatable, and treatments are usually very effective. Many who receive therapy for phobias see significant results in as little as treatment sessions. Some utilize self-help strategies for dealing with and treating phobias, which may be effective for certain individuals. However, if the phobias in question are severe, especially if they're severe to the point of causing panic attacks, you may want to find professional help for treating your phobia.
Those with a clinically diagnosed phobia might consider seeking professional treatment using one of the following treatment methods:. Supplementing these methods with alternative treatments like meditation, mindfulness training, or yoga may facilitate recovery.
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What Is Anxiety? Do I Have Anxiety? Anxiety Treatments Online Therapy. Anxiety and Phobias. The American Psychiatric Association identifies three types of phobias: Specific Phobia: Going to extreme lengths to avoid an activity or object because of fear of danger or harm. Examples: Fear of heights, snakes, spiders Social Phobia: A fear of being humiliated or underperforming in social situations.
Also known as social anxiety disorder. Examples: Fear of public speaking, public restrooms, eating in front of others Agoraphobia: Feeling discomfort in situations where escape is difficult or help is not readily available. Symptoms of phobias Symptoms of phobias are similar to those of a panic attack.
When faced with the specific object, activity, or situation that is the subject of intense fear, an individual with a phobia may exhibit the following symptoms: Uncontrollable feelings of anxiety, dread, and panic Rapid heart rate Difficulty breathing Sweating Trembling, shaking Abdominal discomfort Tightening of the chest and feelings of choking Nausea and dizziness Hot or cold flashes An overwhelming desire to escape.
Causes of phobias Most phobias develop in childhood and are commonly passed down by a family member. Frequent causes of phobias include: Traumatic experience involving object of fear Experiencing a panic attack in specific situation or around an object Witnessing someone else being harmed by specific activity or object Hearing a tragic story involving a specific activity or object Having phobias and fears is common, and often rational.
Phobia Treatment Thankfully, phobias are highly treatable, and treatments are usually very effective. Those with a clinically diagnosed phobia might consider seeking professional treatment using one of the following treatment methods: Cognitive Behavior Therapy CBT : a form of psychotherapeutic treatment that focuses on exploring the patterns of thinking that lead to inappropriate responses in an individual.
Exposure Therapy : a form of psychotherapeutic treatment that exposes patients to their fears in a gradual, systematic, and secure way.
Exposure therapy uses extinction learning to teach the individual that their feared object or situation doesn't truly result in the expected negative response, leading to a decrease in distress when faced by the feared object. Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction MBSR : a methodology that teaches people to be aware of their thoughts, feelings, and sensations from moment to moment without judgment or blame.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy ACT : a type of mindfulness psychotherapy that helps guide people into accepting negative experiences and challenges Supplementing these methods with alternative treatments like meditation, mindfulness training, or yoga may facilitate recovery. Most Popular Phobia Resources:. Katherine K. Dahlsgaard, Ph. Carol S.