What Are the Different Types of Academic Discourse?
Discourse may be classified into descriptive, narrative, expository, and argumentative. 1. The four traditional modes of discourse are narration, description, exposition, and argument. Narration is story telling. It involves relating a series of events, usually in a chronological order.
There are many forms of written discoursethough they can typically be divided into four basic categories that cover most pieces of writing. Expository writing is a piece that is written to explain something or provide information about an issue, while descriptive writing presents a description of a particular thing through sensual language.
Narrative discourse is typically a written work that tells a story, often with a basic structure that includes a beginning, a middle, and an end. An argumentative written discourse, on the other hand, is one that is meant to persuade someone with a particular idea or to argue a certain point of view.
Most forms of written discourse are presented in a prose style, though poetry can be used effectively in some situations. One of the most what skincare products have retinol forms of discourse is expository writing, which presents information about an issue.
An essay written as a comparison and contrast between two different things, for example, is typically a piece of expository written discourse. These works do not argue that one thing is better than another, but simply provide information about them. Descriptive writing is also quite common and, as the name suggests, describes a particular item, scene, or event.
A writer using this form of discourse typically tries to paint a mental image for a reader that allows him or her to more closely connect to what is described. Narrative written discourse typically refers to a piece of work that is created as a story. These works often have a fairly well established structure to them, which presents information and events as they happen through one of several different perspectives.
Various characters are often included in this type of written discourse, and events commonly unfold to a satisfactory conclusion.
Such works can be fictional or non-fictional, which means they are either invented works or narratives with a basis in real events and people. Political propaganda and literature is often written in this type of form to present an argument to a reader in order to make him or her think differently. Persuasive works are frequently written in a similar way, though they may be less clearly confrontational in nature and instead present a subtler argument. These types of written works are often created by a writer to persuade the reader into a certain mode of thinking, usually through the presentation of information from a particular perspective.
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Discourse analysis is a research method for studying written or spoken language in relation to its social context. It aims to understand how language is used in real life situations. When you do discourse analysis, you might focus on: The purposes and effects of different types of language. What are discourse patterns? Dec 13, · The types of discourse are Exposition, Description, Narration and Argumentation. Each of these discourses differs from one another in their style and end purpose. The Exposition type of discourse explain something to your readers, it make the ideas in the composition clear to them. Further, exposition analyzes a character or a situation.
A classification of types of political discourse depends on the definition of what is meant by the political sphere. One could take the limited view that political discourse is simply the words and text produced by politicians, but there are many other participants in a democracy.
It may be more accurate to look at the political activities of electors, pressure groups, media, political parties and other players in the political process and examine the types of discourse in which they engage. Although discourse is primarily in the spoken and written word, the definition may be widened to include communication by actions, as in political demonstrations and sit-ins.
One of the most familiar types of political discourse involves the speech and debate within the congress or parliament of a nation. This is generally formal by nature, including written speeches, motions, debates on legislation and discussions in committee.
Written text associated with this type of discourse is the written record of speeches or draft laws and resolutions, together with legislation approved by the legislative body. Outside the formal legislative organs, political parties may engage in discourse during conferences, conventions and primary election campaigns. At election time, there is direct discourse with the public on citizens' doorsteps. There also is debate between the parties outside the legislature, as seen in interviews, televised debates and public meetings.
The parties also issue their own literature in the form of newspapers or pamphlets aimed at electors on a federal, state or municipal level.
Some politicians and pressure groups communicate their ideas through books, magazines and films, an example being the environmental movement. Demonstrations by the public are another type of political discourse. These combine actions such as processions or marches with the written word in the form of banners or slogans and the spoken word in chanted demands or speeches made. Pressure groups and parties also may campaign through televised advertisements or advertising in the streets, in addition to communication with the electorate through electronic media including websites, telephone and text messages, and video clips.
Government announcements on domestic and foreign affairs are another type of discourse. These include policy announcements, general addresses, and announcements of draft legislation.
Foreign policy statements are political discourse directed at the politicians or people of another country, and international discourse takes place through diplomatic exchanges or at an international body such as the United Nations.
Treaty negotiations and peace talks also are a type of political discourse. Dissidents in a country sometimes engage in political activity through civil disobedience, and a spell in prison or under house arrest may itself become a symbolic form of discourse in some countries, even if the dissident is not permitted to communicate through the spoken or written word.
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