What antibiotics treat a bacterial infection

By Faumuro | 25.01.2021

what antibiotics treat a bacterial infection

Medications for Bacterial Infection

76 rows About Bacterial Infection Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell Estimated Reading Time: 3 mins. For example, all penicillin-class antibiotics (ampicillin, amoxicillin) block the formation of the external cell wall of the bacteria. Other classes attack the replication cycle of the bacteria, including cell division and protein synthesis needed to odishahaalchaal.comted Reading Time: 5 mins.

Last updated on June bacterila, From infecyion for painful strep throat or ear teeat as a child, to burning urinary tract infections or itchy skin infections as an adult, antibiotics are one of the most highly utilized and important medication classes infectlon have in medicine. Understanding the vast antibiotjcs of antibiotics and anti-infectives is no easy task.

Anti-infectives are a large class of drugs that cover a broad range of infectionsincluding fungal, viral, bacterial, and even infeftion infections. There is no one type of antibiotic that cures every infection. Antibiotics specifically treat infections caused by bacteria, such as Staph. What is the age of the oldest known terrestrial rock do not work against any viral infection.

Antibiotics are specific for the type of bacteria being treated and, in general, cannot be interchanged from one infection to another. When antibiotics are used correctly, they are usually safe with few side effects. However, as with most drugs, antibiotics can lead to side effects that may range from being a nuisance to serious or life-threatening. In infants and the elderly, in patients with kidney or liver disease, in pregnant or breastfeeding women, and in many other patient groups antibiotic doses may need to be adjusted based upon the specific characteristics of the patient, like kidney or liver function, weight, or age.

Drug interactions can also be common with antibiotics. Health care providers are able to assess each patient individually to determine the correct antibiotic and dose. Antibiotics are not the correct choice for all infections. For how to hack an online game, most sore throatscough and coldsflu or acute sinusitis are viral in origin not bacterial and do not need an antibiotic.

In fact, using bacterrial for viral infections can increase the risk for antibiotic resistance, lower the options for future treatments if an antibiotic is xntibiotics, and put a patient at risk for side effects and bacferial cost due to unnecessary drug treatment. Antibiotic resistant bacteria cannot be fully inhibited or killed by an antibiotic, even though the antibiotic may have worked effectively before the resistance occurred.

Don't share your antibiotic or take medicine that was prescribed for someone else, and don't save an antibiotic to use the next time you get sick. Most antibiotics fall into their individual antibiotic classes. An antibiotic class is a grouping of different drugs that have similar chemical and pharmacologic properties.

Their chemical structures may look comparable, and drugs within the same class may kill the same or related bacteria. However, it is important not to use an antibiotic for an infection unless your doctor specifically prescribes antibiptics, even if it's in the same class as another drug you were previously prescribed. Antibiotics are specific for the kind of bacteria they kill. Plus, you would need a full treatment regimen to effectively cure your how to grow sweet melon from seed, so don't use or give away leftover antibiotics.

Another name for this class is the beta-lactam antibiotics, referring to their structural formula. The penicillin class contains five groups of antibiotics: aminopenicillinsantipseudomonal penicillinsbeta-lactamase inhibitorsnatural penicillinsand the penicillinase resistant penicillins. Certain penicillinase-resistant penicillins such as oxacillin or dicloxacillin are inherently resistant to certain beta-lactamase enzymes by themselves.

Others, for example, amoxicillin or ampicillin have greater antibacterial activity when they are combined with a beta-lactamase inhibitor like clavulanate, sulbactam, or tazobactam.

Tetracyclines are broad-spectrum against many bacteria and treat conditions such as acne, urinary tract infections UTIsintestinal tract infections, eye infections, sexually transmitted diseases, periodontitis gum diseaseand other bacterial infections.

The tetracycline class contains drugs such as:. There are five generations of cephalosporins, with increasing expanded coverage across the class to include gram-negative infections.

Newer generations with updated structures are developed to allow wider coverage of certain bacteria. Cephalosporins are bactericidal kill bacteria and work in infectiln similar way as the penicillins. Cephalosporins treat many types of infections, including strep throat, ear infections, urinary tract infdction, skin infections, lung infections, and meningitis. Common medications in this class include:. The fifth generation or next generation cephalosporin known as ceftaroline Teflaro is active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA.

Avycaz contains the the beta-lactamase inhibitor avibactam. The quinolones, also known as the fluoroquinolones, are a synthetic, bactericidal antibacterial class with a broad-spectrum of activity. The FDA has issued several strong warnings about this class infectin to potential natibiotics side effects. This class has activity against gram-positive aerobes and antiblotics bacteria that can live without oxygenas well as some antibiorics anaerobes.

The lincomycin derivatives may be used to treat serious infections like pelvic inflammatory disease, intra-abdominal infections, lower respiratory tract infections, and bone and joint infections.

Some forms are also used topically on the skin to treat acne. These drugs include:. The macrolides can be use to treat community-acquired pneumonia, pertussis whooping coughor for uncomplicated skin infections, among other susceptible infections. Ketolides are a newer generation of antibiotic developed to overcome macrolide bacterial resistance. Frequently prescribed antibitoics are:.

Sulfonamides are effective against some trear and many gram-negative bacteria, but resistance is widespread. Inrection for sulfonamides include urinary tract infections UTIstreatment or prevention of pneumocystis pneumonia, or ear infections otitis media.

Familiar names include:. Members of this group may be used for treating methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA infections, complicated skin infections, C. Common drug names include:.

Aminoglycosides inhibit bacterial synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosome and act rapidly as bactericidal antibiotics killing the bacteria. These drugs are usually given intravenously in a vein through a needle. Common examples in this class are:. These injectable bacteerial antibiotics have a wide spectrum of bacteria-killing power and may be used for moderate to life-threatening bacterial infections like stomach infections, pneumonias, kidney infections, multidrug-resistant hospital-acquired infections and many other types of serious bacterial illnesses.

They are often saved for more serious infections or used inffction "last-line" agents to help prevent resistance. Members of this class include:. Over-the-counter OTC oral antibiotics are not approved in the U. A bacterial infection is best treated indection a prescription antibiotic that is specific for the type of bacteria causing the infection.

Using a specific antibiotic will increase the chances that the infection is cured and help to prevent antibiotic resistance. In addition, a lab culture may need to be performed to pinpoint the bacteria and to help select the best antibiotic.

Taking the wrong antibiotic -- or not enough -- may worsen the infection and prevent the antibiotic from working the next time. There are a few over-the-counter topical antibiotics that can be used on the skin. Some products treat or prevent minor cuts, scrapes or burns on the skin that may get infected with bacteria.

These are available in creams, ointments, and even sprays. There are some OTC antibacterials for treating acne, too. They contain the antibacterial benzoyl peroxidewhich also has mild drying effect for acne. Many products are found on the pharmacy shelves as gels, lotions, solutions, foams, cleaning pads, and even facial scrubs.

Always consult your wgat provider to whhat the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. More drug approvals. Reference Antibiotics Print. Athletes foot? Antiviral medications are always needed. Bladder infection? Yes, that may need a common oral antibiotic. Head lice? A topical anti-parasitic can alleviate the itching. When To Use Antibiotics Antibiotics are specific for the type of bacteria being treated and, in general, cannot be interchanged from one infection to another.

Penicillins Another name for this class is the beta-lactam antibiotics, referring to their structural formula. Common what are the new sanctions against iran in the penicillin class include: Generic Brand Name Examples amoxicillin Amoxil amoxicillin wntibiotics clavulanate Augmentin, Augmentin ES, Augmentin XR ampicillin Unasyn dicloxacillin Dynapen discontinued oxacillin Bactocill antjbiotics penicillin V potassium PC Pen VK discontinued Certain penicillinase-resistant penicillins antibiotjcs as oxacillin or dicloxacillin are inherently resistant to certain beta-lactamase enzymes by themselves.

View all penicillin drugs 2. Tetracyclines Tetracyclines are broad-spectrum against many bacteria and treat conditions such as acne, urinary tract infections UTIsintestinal tract how to make a paper cake frill, eye infections, sexually transmitted diseases, periodontitis gum diseaseand other bacterial infections. Cephalosporins There are five generations of cephalosporins, with increasing expanded coverage across the class to include gram-negative infections.

Common medications in this class include: Generic Brand Name Examples cefaclor Ceclor brand discontinued cefdinir Omnicef discontinued cefotaxime Claforan ceftazidime AvycazFortazTazicef ceftriaxone Rocephin discontinued cefuroxime Zinacef The fifth generation or next generation cephalosporin known as ceftaroline Teflaro is active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA.

View all cephalosporin antibioticd 4. Quinolones The quinolones, also known as the fluoroquinolones, are a synthetic, bactericidal antibacterial class with a broad-spectrum of activity. How to watch unlimited movies on putlocker all antibioyics drugs 5. Lincomycins This class has activity against gram-positive aerobes and anaerobes bacteria that can live inffction oxygenas well as some gram-negative anaerobes.

Macrolides The macrolides can be use to treat community-acquired pneumonia, pertussis whooping bacterislor for uncomplicated skin infections, among other susceptible infections. Sulfonamides Sulfonamides are effective against some gram-positive and many gram-negative bacteria, but resistance is widespread. Familiar names include: Generic Brand Name Examples sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim BactrimBactrim DS, Septra sulfasalazine Azulfidine sulfisoxazole product discontinued Eryzole discontinuedGantrisin discontinued View all sulfonamides drugs 8.

Glycopeptide Antibiotics Members of this group may be used for treating methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA infections, complicated skin infections, C. Aminoglycosides Aminoglycosides inhibit bacterial synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosome and act rapidly as bactericidal antibiotics killing the bacteria.

Carbapenems These injectable beta-lactam antibiotics have a wide spectrum of bacteria-killing power and may be used for moderate to life-threatening bacterial infections like stomach infections, pneumonias, kidney infections, multidrug-resistant hospital-acquired infections and many other types of serious whta illnesses. Antimicrobial Drug Resistance.

Drug Classification. Top Drugs. Antibiotics Recently Approved.

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Nov 23, A topical anti-parasitic can alleviate the itching. There is no one type of antibiotic that cures every infection. Antibiotics specifically treat infections caused by bacteria, such as Staph., Strep., or E. coli., and either kill the bacteria (bactericidal) or keep it Estimated Reading Time: 7 mins. May 27, Quinolones - for example, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and norfloxacin. Nitrofurantoin - used for urinary infections. As well as the above main types of antibiotics, there are a number of other antibiotics that specialist doctors or hospital doctors may prescribe for more uncommon infections such as tuberculosis (TB). May 04, Enterococci infections may be treated with the antibiotic vancomycin, but VRE is resistant to this treatment. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) This type of Estimated Reading Time: 7 mins.

Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell approximately 1 micron in transverse diameter. Some bacteria cause disease in man, requiring treatment with an antibiotic. The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. Brand names: Amoxil, Apo-Amoxi. Drug class: aminopenicillins. For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects. Drug class: lincomycin derivatives. Brand names: Cipro, Cipro I.

Drug class: quinolones. Drug class: tetracyclines , miscellaneous antimalarials. Brand name: Keflex. Drug class: first generation cephalosporins. Drug class: amebicides , miscellaneous antibiotics. Drug class: third generation cephalosporins.

Brand name: Levaquin. Drug class: beta-lactamase inhibitors. For professionals: Prescribing Information. Drug class: sulfonamides. Brand names: Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax. Drug class: macrolides. Generic name: penicillin v potassium systemic. Drug class: natural penicillins. Drug class: glycopeptide antibiotics. Brand names: Ceftin, Zinacef. Drug class: second generation cephalosporins.

The following products are considered to be alternative treatments or natural remedies for Bacterial Infection. Their efficacy may not have been scientifically tested to the same degree as the drugs listed in the table above. However there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking their use to the treatment of Bacterial Infection. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Treatments Infection Bacterial Infection Print. Select drug class All drug classes amebicides 4 carbapenems 2 miscellaneous antibiotics 9 quinolones 9 sulfonamides 7 tetracyclines 19 aminoglycosides 5 first generation cephalosporins 3 second generation cephalosporins 6 third generation cephalosporins 1 penicillinase resistant penicillins 2 aminopenicillins 4 beta-lactamase inhibitors 6 natural penicillins 8 miscellaneous antimalarials 7 lincomycin derivatives 7 macrolides 3 glycopeptide antibiotics 4 inhaled anti-infectives 3 oxazolidinone antibiotics 4.

Only Generics. Learn more about Bacterial Infection Drugs. Activity Activity is based on recent site visitor activity relative to other medications in the list. Rx Prescription Only. OTC Over the Counter. Off-label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition. EUA An Emergency Use Authorization EUA allows the FDA to authorize unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in a declared public health emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives.

Pregnancy Category A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters.

B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks. D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.

N FDA has not classified the drug. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4. Alcohol X Interacts with Alcohol. Antibiotics Subscribe to our newsletters. FDA Safety Alerts. Daily MedNews. Monthly Newsletter. I accept the Terms and Privacy Policy. Email address. Select one or more newsletters to continue. View information about amoxicillin amoxicillin.

View information about clindamycin clindamycin. View information about ciprofloxacin ciprofloxacin. Generic name: ciprofloxacin systemic Brand names: Cipro, Cipro I. View information about doxycycline doxycycline. View information about cephalexin cephalexin. View information about metronidazole metronidazole. View information about ceftriaxone ceftriaxone. View information about levofloxacin levofloxacin. View information about Augmentin Augmentin.

View information about Flagyl Flagyl. Generic name: metronidazole systemic Drug class: amebicides , miscellaneous antibiotics For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information. View information about Amoxil Amoxil. Generic name: amoxicillin systemic Drug class: aminopenicillins For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information.

View information about azithromycin azithromycin. Generic name: azithromycin systemic Drug class: macrolides For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects. View information about Cipro Cipro. Generic name: ciprofloxacin systemic Drug class: quinolones For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information.

View information about Keflex Keflex. Generic name: cephalexin systemic Drug class: first generation cephalosporins For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information. View information about Bactrim Bactrim. View information about Levaquin Levaquin. Generic name: levofloxacin systemic Drug class: quinolones For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information.

Generic name: penicillin v potassium systemic Drug class: natural penicillins For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information.

View information about vancomycin vancomycin. View information about Zithromax Zithromax. Generic name: azithromycin systemic Drug class: macrolides For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information.

View information about cefuroxime cefuroxime. View information about Cleocin Cleocin. Generic name: clindamycin systemic Drug class: lincomycin derivatives For consumers: dosage , interactions , side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information.

An Emergency Use Authorization EUA allows the FDA to authorize unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in a declared public health emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives. Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters.

Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.

There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks. Has a high potential for abuse. Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2.

Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3.

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