Forensic research (once again) suggests the Shroud of Turin is fake
You can make any burial greener by eliminating embalming, and using a shroud or a biodegradable casket. Omit the vault if the cemetery will allow it. Otherwise, ask to use a concrete grave box with an open bottom, have holes drilled in the bottom of the vault, or invert the vault without its cover, so the body can return to the earth. Define shroud. shroud synonyms, shroud pronunciation, shroud translation, English dictionary definition of shroud. n. 1. A cloth used to wrap a body for burial; a winding sheet. shroud - burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped. cerement, winding-clothes, winding-sheet, pall. burial garment - cloth used to cover a corpse in preparation.
Forensic scientists have once again concluded that the Shroud of Turin, supposedly the burial cloth Jesus was wrapped in after his crucifixion, was artificially created. The Shroud, which is kept in the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Turin, Italy, has long been a subject of controversy within the Catholic community. Believers say its stains are the blood of Jesus, while others have questioned whether the stains are even blood at all.
The new research is in line with numerous previous studies that have concluded that the Shroud is not authentic. Earlier carbon dating work has determined that it dates to to ; Jesus is generally believed to have died in the year And a blue ribbon panel called the Turin Commission concluded in that stains on the garment are likely pigments, not blood, while textiles experts and art historians have suggested gow the materials and images are hlw from the right era.
As early asabout 35 years after the Shrouf first emerged in France, Pierre d'Arcis, the Catholic bishop in Troyes, wrote to Pope Clement VII that the shroud was "a clever sleight of hand" by someone "falsely declaring this was the actual shroud in which Jesus was enfolded in the tomb to attract the multitude so that money might how to download avs video converter free be wrung q them.
In the most recent studyforensic scientists used blood pattern analysis to investigate the arm and body position necessary to yield the pattern seen on the Shroud. Using a living volunteer and a mannequin to model several positions, researchers determined that the patterns were consistent with multiple poses, which contradicts with the theory that Jesus was buried in the cloth lying down.
The authors said in the Journal of Forensic Science that they looked particularly closely at the stains of the left arm to determine consistency between the stains of the hand and the forearm.
Using synthetic and real human blood throughout several experimental poses, the researchers determined that kake blood patterns "would have to occur at different times, and should the Shroud be authentic a particular sequence of events or movements would have to burrial imagined to account for these patterns," they wrote.
Matteo Borrini, a forensic scientist at Liverpool John Moores University in Shrouud who worked on the project, said the effort snroud how forensic research hoe be used in ancient investigations. Borrini, a Roman Catholic, said his findings — which he said had resulted in backlash from certain members of the how to watch manny pacquiao fight community and "personal attacks" — are in line with the church's shrkud.
The Roman Catholic Church considers the Shroud to be an icon, not a holy relic. IE 11 is not supported. For an optimal experience visit our site on another browser. News Opinion World Business Tech. Share this —. Follow NBC News. June Centuries-old debate over Shroud of Turin authenticity persists June 17,
Jul 17, · The Shroud of Turin is believed by many in the Catholic community to be Jesus' burial cloth. Massimo Pinca / AP file July 17, , PM UTC / Updated July 17, , PM UTC. A shroud burial is usually just that — a body wrapped in a biodegradable shroud lowered into a grave. While burial garments may be used, often by followers of certain religious customs, they are neither required or discouraged as a matter of course. Some shroud burials also include a casket for ease of processionals and lowering, but the main. Aug 22, · Burial Shrouds in Australia. Most natural burial sites will allow the use of burial shrouds rather than coffins. However, the use of shrouds in traditional cemeteries differs from state to state, and may be dependent on your religion. For example, Muslims are granted an exception in most states for burial in a shroud without a coffin.
The Islamic faith have a unique set of beliefs towards death and dying. This can be seen in their practices and attitudes towards funerals. The whole community participates in a Muslim funeral. Prayers are recited outside the mosque, normally in the courtyard. They believe that the dying see things that the living cannot. They go through an agonizing period called a death struggle , which is filled with unimaginable agonies.
Friends and family gather around and offer the dying person courage, to help them endure the agonies. The eyes and mouth of the deceased are closed, the body is covered with a sheet. Their head is positioned to face Mecca. Holy Site of Mecca. It must be cleansed at least three times, either by the spouse or a same sex family member. However, it must be an odd number of times.
There is a particular order in which the body is cleansed. It begins with the upper right side, then the upper left side, lower right side, and ending with the lower left side. Shrouding is completed using three white sheets. They are first spread out and stacked one upon the other. Then the body is placed on top of them. The left hand of the deceased is placed on the chest.
The right hand is then placed on top of the left. The sheets are brought over the body one at a time. First the right side, then the left, until they are all wrapped around the body.
A rope is tied at the top of the head and another below the feet. One or two ropes are tied around the middle of the body. An Imam Islamic priest or the oldest male family member stands at the front facing Mecca, and the body is placed in front of him. A Muslim funeral is very quiet. There should be no talking to one another. Even the prayers are mainly said silently with only parts of them spoken aloud.
Crying for the dead is perfectly fine and expected. However, loud weeping and wailing is not looked upon well. After the prayers, the deceased is taken to the burial location, usually carried by male family members.
Muslims generally wear white. They believe that white is associated with humility and wholesomeness. Men should wear plain pants that do not show any skin. The shirt covers everything up to the neck. Nothing should fit tightly. Skirts should go down to the ankles and long sleeve blouses should cover the arms and preferably come up to the neck. If you must, then do not wear anything that makes you stand out such as bright lipstick.
When attending a Muslim funeral, the main thing to keep in mind is dress modestly. Wear clothing that will make you blend in and do not draw attention to you. The actual funeral service is typically brief. There is no eulogy. Family and friends usually say the funeral prayer to themselves, lead by the Iman.
They form three or more lines. After that, follows the children and then the women. The Iman, who delivers the prayer, faces toward Mecca, with his back to the others and the body is placed in front of him. Muslims are required to say at least five prayers daily. It is basically those five prayers that are said at the funeral, with a few differences. They stand during the prayer at a funeral, not bowing as with daily prayer.
Most of the words are spoken silently, except for a few portions. Views of proper etiquette for sending of flowers to the family can vary between the different Muslim sects. Simplicity and moderation are emphasized in the Islam religion, therefore gifts of flowers are frequently not given. The best approach is to either contact a local Muslim authority or ask the family what they prefer. Muslims believe that at death, they are buried and remain in their grave until the day of judgement.
Good Muslims will go to paradise and experience peace. Those who have led a sinful life are destined for hell, and will begin their suffering.
Preparations for the funeral should begin immediately, because the deceased must be buried as soon as possible. For that reason, there is also no preliminary viewing, ceremony, or eulogy. Embalming is not performed and there is no autopsy, unless required by law.
Also, transporting the body to another country is rare. They are typically buried in the place where they die. After the funeral, the casket is taken to the burial site by four family men. The grave is dug parallel to Mecca. The body is placed lying on their right side, also toward Mecca. In some areas, everyone can be present at the burial. However, traditionally women are not allowed to attend.
At that time, family members lower the casket and the grave is filled. A small, modest marker is allowed. For instance, if the person dies while at sea and the body cannot be transported back to land due to a long distance.
Cremation is forbidden in the Islamic religion. It is considered disrespectful to the dead. A Muslim should not burn anyone, witness a cremation, or approve of it in any way.
Even then, the potential for the disease to spread must be proven and permission received from the authorities. Haram is anything that is expressly forbidden by the Islamic religion. It is the highest form of prohibition.
There is a long list of actions that are considered haram, including the practice of cremation. Other examples are:. On the other hand, some make an exception if there is a personal connection, such as a co-worker or a non-Muslim relative. The mourning period begins from the time of death. During that time, she is not to move from the house shared with her husband.
In addition, she must wear modest clothing and no jewelry. The mourning period is also three days. They share and express emotions for the departed while they prepare for the funeral and welcome visitors into the home. However, for Muslims living in western countries such as the US, it is sometimes necessary. More Islamic funeral homes and cemeteries are opening, which have been difficult to find in many areas.
Finding an Iman has proven to be hard as well. These funeral homes understand the need for a quick burial, without embalming. They are also culturally sensitive to Islamic customs and beliefs.
Most Muslim funeral homes wash the body and wrap it in a shroud. They transport the body to the place where the funeral will take place and then to the burial site. A widow in Islam is allowed to remarry a Muslim man after her mourning period, as well as she is free to move and live on her own, or go back to her parents home. The right hand side is often considered preferable to the left in Islam. This comes from the rule that, after using the toilet, Muslims should clean themselves with their left hand, so the right is generally considered cleaner than the left.
Muslims are buried on their right side to facilitate the body facing Mecca as they would have done in prayer. The Christian funeral is just so much better than it is in Islam. We give thanks to God for the life given, and the service also includes a eulogy of remembrance. Islam is just too archaic to be of benefit to anyone, since it lacks the core truth that Jesus is God. Also they do celebrate death its seen as release from earthly existence and beginning of their journey onwards.
One more thing to add is jesus peace be upon him is a prophet of god sent to earth to guide us. I totally agree with Amy.