How to Apply for U.S. Citizenship
Becoming a citizen through naturalization is a process in which a non-U.S. citizen voluntarily becomes an American citizen. Take the Oath of Allegiance to become a U.S. citizen. Receive your Certificate of Naturalization, review it, and notify USCIS of any errors you see on your certificate before leaving the ceremony site. Step Understanding U.S. citizenship. Citizenship is the common thread that connects all Americans.
Last Updated: March 5, References Approved. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. There are 28 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 1, times. Learn more Becoming a U. Most people will first apply to become a legal permanent resident and then become a naturalized citizen.
However, you can also gain citizenship through marriage, your parents, or military service. If you have questions about becoming a citizen, contact an attorney who specializes in U. To become a US citizen, you must be 18 or older, proficient in English, and a law-abiding person. If you meet those requirements, one way you can try to get a green card is by having a family member who's already a citizen sponsor you.
Another way to get a green card is through your job if you have an employment offer. You also can petition for a green card if you have been in the US for 1 year as a refugee or asylum seeker.
Tips and Warnings. Related Articles. Article Summary. Method 1 of Obtain a green card. Before you can become a naturalized citizen, you need to become a legal permanent resident. A family member in the United States can sponsor you. If your family member is a U. They can also sponsor siblings, married children, and unmarried children over twenty-one years of age. Green card through your job. If you have an offer of permanent employment, you are eligible to petition to get a green card.
Refugees and asylum seekers in the United States for one year may petition for a green card. Satisfy residency requirements. You need how to do hocus pocus live in the United States for a certain amount of time before you apply for naturalization.
You must demonstrate continuous residence in the U. For example, if you want to apply in Januaryyou must have been a resident since January You must have been physically present in the U. You must prove you have lived for at least three months in the state or USCIS district where you apply.
Meet personal requirements. You should be able to speak, write, and read in English. You will have to pass an exam to demonstrate your proficiency in the language. You must be a person of good moral character. Submit your naturalization application. Download Form N, Application for Naturalization, and either type the requested information or print what to do mesa az in black ink. Be sure to download and read the instructions ahead of time.
Read the instructions to find out what to supply. For example, you must supply a copy of your permanent resident card. Department of Homeland Security. To find out where to file, call Give biometrics. Most applicants will need to give their fingerprints, photograph, and signature. USCIS will notify you if you do. They will send a notice with the date, time, and location of your appointment. Make sure to pick up your study booklet to prepare for your English and civics tests.
Prepare for your tests. You will also take your English and civics test at the interview. You should prepare for the tests carefully. Think about attending an English or citizenship preparation class.
You can also take practice civics tests, which are available online. Attend your interview. You will receive notice in the mail telling you the date and time for your interview. At the interview, you will take the English and citizenship tests. If you speak English well enough in the interview, you might not need to sit the English test. A checklist should be sent to you Form Swear an oath. The final step is to swear the Oath of Allegiance.
You must answer the questions on the back of this form and review them with an officer when you attend your naturalization ceremony. At the end of the ceremony, you will receive your certificate of naturalization. Method 2 of Obtain a green card through your spouse. Your spouse will need to submit proof of the marriage, such as a marriage certificate. Your spouse can submit this form along with Form I Talk about your marriage in an interview.
The U. Common questions include the following:  X Research source Where did you meet your spouse? How many people attended what is a foundation course equivalent to wedding? Who does the cooking and who pays the bills? What forms of birth control do you use? Satisfy the residency requirements. You must have been a continuous resident for the three years before you apply and have been physically present in the U.
You must have lived in a marriage with your U. Your spouse must have been a citizen during the entire time. You must have lived within the state or USCIS district for at least three months before you file your application.
Meet other personal requirements. In addition to residency, you need to show that you have other personal characteristics to be eligible. You must be able to write, read, and speak English. You need to be a person of good moral character. Once you have satisfied the residency requirement, you can submit FormApplication for Naturalization. When you are ready to file, call to find out the address.
Read the instructions to find out what documents you must submit along with your application. You can pay using money order or check. Give fingerprints. USCIS will send you a notice telling you where to give your fingerprints and when.
Mar 30, · There are two ways to become a United States (U.S.) citizen – by birth or through naturalization. What You Need to Know. To become a citizen at birth, you must: Be born in the U.S or in certain territories or outlying possessions of the United States, that . Dec 16, · Naturalization is the process to become a U.S. citizen if you were born outside of the United States. If you meet certain requirements, you may become a .
Should exercise their rights and responsibilities as citizens. Review this visual overview about the general naturalization process. You can apply for naturalization before you receive your new Green Card. Meet certain eligibility requirements. Some requirements may include being:. Go through the step naturalization process which includes:.
Completing form N , the application for naturalization, and creating a free account to submit your form online. Taking the U. Naturalization Test and having a personal interview. Note: The U. Naturalization Test includes a civics portion and an English portion.
If you applied for naturalization on or after December 1, and before March 1, , policy changes will determine which version of the civics test you can take based on the date you are scheduled to take the U. Naturalization test. If you are scheduled to take the naturalization test before April 19, , you can choose between taking the civics test or the civics test.
If you are scheduled to take the naturalization test after April 19, , you will be required to take the civics test. This video about the interview and test process. One of the requirements in the naturalization process is taking the U. Naturalization Test. The Naturalization Test has two components: a civics test and an English test. Visit the Version of the Civics Test to find study resources for the new test. The test has questions about American history and government. Find study resources for the version of the Civics test.
Civics Practice Test - Study tool to help you test your knowledge of U. See important updates for both versions. Your parents did not get a Consular Report of Birth Abroad for you before you turned Foreign nationals receive a Certificate of Naturalization when they become American citizens. Get certified copies of a Certificate of Naturalization. Replace your Certificate of Citizenship or Certificate of Naturalization if it was lost or stolen using form N If you have further questions, contact U.
Dual citizenship or dual nationality means a person may be a citizen of the United States and of another country at the same time. If you're a citizen of another country, contact that country's embassy or consulate for information about its:. For information on dual nationality from the point of view of another country, contact that country's embassy or consulate. If you have dual citizenship and plan to travel to or from the United States, you must use a U.
Information about giving up or losing your U. A licensed attorney skilled in citizenship matters can assist you with questions about your situation. A local bar association can often provide a good referral. If you were born in the U. If you were born outside the United States and your U. Embassy or consulate , you may apply for a U.
If you were born outside the U. Embassy, the U. You were born in a U. If you don't have a birth certificate from your birth territory, you may be able to verify your citizenship status using other documents.
You were born outside of the U. Embassy or consulate in that country. If your birth was recorded before your 18th birthday, the Embassy or consulate issued your parent s a document that is proof of your U. Learn how to request copies, amendments, or corrections to a Consular Report of Birth Abroad from the U. Department of State DOS.
This document proves your U. Learn more about births of U. Ask a real person any government-related question for free. They'll get you the answer or let you know where to find it. How to Apply for U. Citizenship How to Enter the U. Renounce or Lose Your U. Citizenship for People Born Abroad or in U. Share This Page:.
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