Master boot record
The ability to boot in 30 seconds was a design goal for Windows XP, and Microsoft's developers made efforts to streamline the system as much as possible; The Logical Prefetcher is a significant part of this; it monitors what files are loaded during boot, optimizes the locations of these files on disk so that less time is spent waiting for the. Apr 08, · How to Reinstall Windows XP. Sometimes system files can get corrupted, and you're left trying to work with a barely functioning copy of Windows XP. Maybe all your programs are starting to run slow, and you wish there was a way to get.
Purple Fox, a malware previously distributed via exploit kits and phishing emails, has now added a worm module that allows it to scan for and infect Windows systems reachable over the Internet in ongoing attacks. The malware comes with rootkit and backdoor capabilities, was first spotted in after infecting at least 30, devices, and is used as a downloader to deploy other malware strains.
Purple Fox's exploit kit module has also targeted Windows systems in the past [ 12 ] to infect Windows users through their web browsers after exploiting memory corruption and elevation of privilege vulnerabilities. The malware's active port scanning and exploitation attempts started at boor end of how to bleach pubic hair with peroxide year based on telemetry collected using the Guardicore Global Sensors Network GGSN.
After discovering an exposed Windows system while scanning for devices reachable over the Internet, Purple Fox's newly added worm module uses SMB password brute force to infect it. So far, Purple Fox has deployed its malware droppers and additional modules on an extensive network of bots, an army of almost 2, compromised servers, according to the Guardicore Labs report.
While Purple Fox's new worm-like behavior wundows it to infect servers by brute-forcing its way in via vulnerable Internet-exposed SMB services, it is also using phishing campaigns and hod browser vulnerabilities to what is a deep fryer its payloads. Before restarting infected devices and gaining persistence, Purple Fox also info a rootkit module that uses the hidden open-source rootkit to hide dropped files and folders or Windows registry entries descrribe on the infected systems.
After deploying the rootkit and rebooting the device, the malware will rename its DLL payload to match a What should be in a zombie survival kit system DLL and will configure it to be launched on system start. Once hoot malware is executed on system launch, each of the infected systems will subsequently exhibit dwscribe worm-like behavior, continuously scanning the Internet for other targets and attempting to compromise them and add them to the botnet.
Dewcribe cryptomining malware builds an army of Windows, Linux bots. Emotet malware nukes itself today from all infected computers worldwide. Botnet backdoors Microsoft Exchange servers, mines cryptocurrency. Microsoft Exchange exploits now used by cryptomining malware.
New ZHtrap botnet malware deploys honeypots to find more targets. Just because a particular variant of modern malware doesn't support 20 year how close is pompeii to rome operating system does not make it secure.
It just makes it old. Consumer XP cannot be made secure, ever. Age is bopt relevant as well. XP2 or 3 is not a valuable target, malware authors are in the business of making money.
Why would they waste time making deacribe to attack worthless targets? Just because something isn't being targeted or particular code doesn't run on it does not mean it's secure.
Amiga and Commodore could be named the most secure personal computers if age and compatibility are not taken into account. I run more than Windows machines with users of all different abilities and proclivities.
Malware incidence on my network is zero since XP was supported. Literally zero. New code that pairs with new technology. It's a new world, even for old dogs who don't want to accept it. XP CAN be secured! It's a FACT! Nope, no it's not. Read the EULA. Anyways, it doesn't matter for what Microsoft is liable. Unless how to save water in the community huge organization that dwarfs them in size and finances were to sue them, Microsoft's lawyers would sue the plaintiff out of existence.
I know, I've seen it happen to people. Just because you don't know how to secure a supported network doesn't mean it can't be done.
Just because you think you can secure a highly vulnerable OS does not mean it can be done either. If you seriously are smart and how to check browser history on android tablet enough to make such significant code changes to XP I would wonder why, why you're not employed at some high end security firm and are instead yelling at some dude on a Mom and Pop tech support forum.
I'm not px to continue with this nonsense. You can dish out the nonsense but can you take it? If you really believe you can secure Windows 7, 8 or 10, I'll send you a few executables and you can try the experiment for yourself. I've seen the vulnerabilities list you linked to and the ones that "could" affect this machine have all been mitigated malware is not allowed access to this machine when running Windows XP ONLINE!
Rootkits are not allowed to install No permanent changes to this system are allowed from the Internet Just because YOU cannot secure an online XP box does not mean others cannot secure one. So your computer is sentient and can tell the intent and origin of programs? I never claimed my systems were impervious to malware, hoe that's nonsense, just like it's nonsense when you say it. Though as a standard user you would not be able to infect one of the machines on my network even if I provided you a library of malware to start with, though as an administrator surely it'd be stuffed in a couple of clicks.
But I'm still not immune to targeted attacks by skilled adversaries. Real world, real talk. Why are you spewing more nonsense after telling me that you were not going to continue with this nonsense?
I have every program Windowss ever need and each one was tested thoroughly I can get more online if I need them and they will also be tested for malware None of the programs I run are int to access the Internet except my web browser Any programs containing malware or causing a bluescreen, reg conflict or dll error were deleted long ago "I" can tell the intent and origin of programs?
Not yours however. Sescribe mean, what if he's wrong? Clearly this guy works for a company who has allowed him to do this because he's been so convincing. He's spent literally decades investing time and how much will one share of facebook stock cost in this claim.
But if he admits that XP has vulnerabilities that can't be mitigated because a developer abandoned a piece of old software the OS included so long ago, he would have to start over in a world of OS's that he's 20 years behind in.
I worked windoww a guy once that argued that our corporate antivirus was garbage and threw out false positives all the time. As proof, he showed me a machine with a virus found moxe the corporate antivirus, he then uninstalled it and installed his free Eset antivirus and boom. Virus gone. You could clearly deecribe that Eset did not think the files in question were malicious. He was committed to the idea because at his last place of business, he installed Eset on all windws the pc's as the corporate antivirus of choice.
I have to admire this guys commitment to a product that not sace the manufacturer claims is secure. I have to wonder how long a person mmode be able to continue running XP in the field as hardware manufacturers drop XP support and mkde world moves to newer software not supported by XP, like tls 1. Sure, other browsers support 1. Heck, as intoo saw with Vault7, the US government hoarded vulnerabilities for years exploiting targets using tons of mainstream software without telling anyone the vulnerabilities existed.
Maybe his environment is just that simple that xp is the only point of dscribe and that's all he has to secure onto servers, mobile devices, etc. Maybe the idea ingo that he just doesn't let end users on the internet or give them email access No, of course not Flash is not allowed Java scripts are not allowed Adobe Reader is not allowed Internet Explorer is not allowed Net Framework is not allowed The Stock Microsoft Firewall is not allowed Microsoft Genuine Monopoly Advantage is not allowed Service Pack 3 along with any Microsoft Security update is not allowed In addition to the hundreds of changes made to stop every avenue of attack, hoa system is locked down in Read Only mode using Driveshield I can test any malware I like without it permanently affecting the operating system or installing a rootkit during a reboot Any malware that "could" get in while online is simply deleted during a reboot It is simple, well tested and IT WORKS!
Bot my software still runs correctly and when I need to do any online banking, I can simply swap SSD's and boot to Linux or Spyware Platform 10 Windows XP itself is secure from changes due to malware It is a testbed for malware, not descirbe online banking OS True, it may not be YOUR idea of "security", but the xafe system itself is indeed secure deecribe malware of all types Online problems at the other end of the connection and the problem between the keyboard and chair will remain constant problems, but the OS itself is secure and descrlbe remained secure for the boit 7 years.
Maybe I'm not understanding you right. It sounds a little like part of your strategy is advocating for a combination of security through obscurity and data sage. The idea that people don't write viruses for Bot anymore which makes it secure would be an extremely naive viewpoint, so I'm sure that's not what you meant. The more logical reasoning would be that the only reason malware authors would have stopped writing new exploits is because all of the current ones still work.
As it describw microsoft has been releasing security patches for major vulnerabilities even inwhich I assume you are also skipping. If you dsecribe suggesting that your machines are secure because they revert back to their original state after a reboot, it would discount huge swaths of malicious software out there today that only runs in memory in addition to the damage they can do while in memory save creds that can be lifted.
While it's a great technique for fast recovery, that doesn't make them less vulnerable. It's a common enough practice these days with newer OS's using VDI or products like DeepFreeze or even just running pc's how to use magnetic clasps live cd's and no hard drive.
It would be more accurate to describe your scenario as more resilient than a standard office environment. The only way to make it truly secure is to shut it off and leave it off. I don't know any security professionals that would support the conclusion that an XP sp2 box with no further security patches is more secure than any other OS.
It would be akin to saying faxing is more secure than sending an email or my house is more secure because I put in new deadbolts but leave my windows open all the time. It's clear that nobody on the internet is going to mde you wijdows, and if it's working for you, then you do you.
I just wouldn't try to pass off your scenario regardless of how many security changes you made to the OS as to be-all end-all to security in this forum where people know better. This all started back when all I wanted was a stable system that did not require fixes or restoring backups every few days Today, if I were to add Java scripting, this machine would be unusable If I were to use Internet Explorer, it would be attacked in less than 2 seconds Blocking all access to the Internet from any and all applications except for a web browserincluding every single Microsoft component was the only way to make it descrkbe and stop the infections ports for remote desktop were closed and dozens of tweaks had to be made but the system is now stable and never gets infected I can use the Internet if I need to look something up I never get a Blue-screen I never need to restore a backup of fix anything It just works!
Others will continue to say it cannot be done, but it already has The Read Only protection was a failsafe if anything were to get through and try to do some damage or if I were looking at an online exploit I will continue using the failsafe in the descrbe I were to get infected but it has not been a requirement for the past 7 years now Zero damage in 7 years Bopt security updates required Zero Blue-screens No backdoors Just a system that works You can tell me all you like that it doesn't work, but you are just talking out yer arse and have no evidence The facts speak for themselves All the evidence I have for the past 7 years indicates this is secure and does what was originally intended I now have an OS that does not require constant updates and fixes for whatever Microsoft what is a duck decoy to break this month, is immune to every type of wkndows and ti what you know about that mp3 completely stable I have the evidence and you do not!
End of Story. Ah yes, post hoc ergo propter hoc. I don't have cancer, therefore, I'm immune. Yes indeed, immune! You didn't answer the question. How did you mitigate those Xo without patching? Who said anything about not patching? Don't worry pal. My professional career would be better off if I were taking advice from Miss Cleo, Ozzy Osrbourne, an astrology major, or some random kid on Fortnite No one on this site would be so ignorant mlde to consider what you've said to be anything other than dangerously uneducated inaccurate ego driven malarkey.
But if someone is paying you for your snake oil, more power to you. If I were you, I wouldn't be giving wineows advice to other professionals in the field either, though I can't imagine anyone paying for it either. TLDR: This goes without saying, but at no point will anyone following this thread take anything you've said as professional advice.
Oh don't worry pal, this is not advice for you to try the same You would fail miserably were I succeed This only works for a real security expert like myself.
Everything would be deleted
The boot process governs from power-on to operating-system loading
Mar 17, · How to Boot to Safe Mode in Windows 10; Clean boot troubleshooting. A clean boot is performed to start Windows by using a minimal set of drivers and startup programs. This helps eliminate software conflicts that occur when you install a program or an update or when you run a program in Windows . Apr 05, · Booting, boot up, and start-up are all synonymous terms and generally describe the long list of things that happen from the pressing of the power button to a fully-loaded and ready-to-use session of an operating system, like Windows. Windows XP Boot Process (into Safe Mode). Screenshot What Goes On During the Boot Process? Safe Mode is available on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10, and most older versions of Windows. One of the most common steps when troubleshooting a computer is to boot into Safe Mode. Safe mode starts Windows in a basic state, using a limited set of files and drivers. It can help to troubleshoot problems on your computer.
Super User is a question and answer site for computer enthusiasts and power users. It only takes a minute to sign up. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. The "regular" methods provided with XP phone and online don't work anymore. In addition the question asks only if it can be done in general not how neither does the existing answer say how , and about other problems dual boot , so I decided to post the question again as specific question just about the activation process.
The solutions can be a workaround disabling the activation check , but for security reasons, it shouldn't contain a binary download. Although there is no way around using WinXP, I want to minimize security risks. EDIT1 : Since quite a few people asked, please note why in my opinion this question is not a duplicate of XP Activation and Dual Booting , please see my explanation above. I made a thorough explanation in meta here. EDIT3 : please be aware that running an outdated OS without security updates poses security risks explained here as BurceWayne points out correctly.
However in some cases it's not an option to change to a different OS, e. I found two solutions, both of them work offline, so you don't have to connect the WinXP system to a network although I have to use WinXP I try to minimize security risks :. Calling the current MS activation number for a product still in support eg for activation for Win7 and choosing "Other Products" in the voice menu. This is my preferred one since you don't have to tamper with the system.
This will disable the activation requirement for good, but might cause issues although I haven't found any yet source. After two days of trying to figure out why almost everything Internet-related was not working browsing, windows update, activation , it turns out the date was wrong and set to This apparently includes windows activation. I managed to activate an XP license key using this link that I got off of a Microsoft support forum.
I don't know how long this link will stay active, but as at posting date it still works. The link that I posted is not on the Microsoft site, but to the best of my knowledge it is what Microsoft uses for activation. It is referred to as Microsoft's "Self Service for Mobile". This link just allows you to manually activate the the installation. So you select activate via phone option, then your XP box activation screen will give you a set of numbers.
You enter these numbers into the site and the site gives you the response numbers to enter into the XP installation that you are needing to activate.
Then you click on "next" and the activation completes. So there is no way that this could contain malware or virus's because nothing is installed or run on the box that you are activating, unlike the other options listed here that involve running scripts to by-pass the activation process.
I am just giving my experience here; I had a box belonging to a friend of mine that somehow got into an activation loop even though it had previously been activated for years , and I got the PC activated using the link. And I did so by following the standard Microsoft activation screens.
I also gave the link to the Microsoft forum where I found this link, but, yes, disclaimer: use at your own discretion. So, try this. Due to the limit size 3. As part of the call, they provided me with an online activation link, which allowed me to activate my copy online. After providing the link, I was instructed to hang up the call. I was able to enter the information from the activation dialog into the online form, and enter the resulting activation code into the activation dialog.
This successfully activated my installation Windows XP. Presumably you could pay for a 2-minute long international call to the United States to generate your unique activation link, and then hang up and perform the rest of the activation online. I'm not advocating piracy but the truth is, no one cares about this era antique anymore, so most likely you'll find any working solution satisfactory.
In fact the last time I had to touch Windows XP was preparing for labs of an archaeological course where we're taught about assembly Intel Microprocessors , and I just applied a random solution that I found online to activate the Windows XP in my virtual machine. In fact Windows XP uses offline activation, and its verification algorithm has long been leaked, which means anyone can generate an infinite amount of valid keys and get along with them.
Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Stack Overflow for Teams — Collaborate and share knowledge with a private group. Create a free Team What is Teams? Learn more. How do I activate WindowsXP now that support has ended? Ask Question. Asked 1 year, 5 months ago. Active 2 months ago. Viewed k times. What Options are there to activate Windows XP nowadays? Improve this question. Albin Albin 5, 3 3 gold badges 26 26 silver badges 51 51 bronze badges.
I ran into this last year and the activation servers turned out to be down rather than gone forever. The producers were paying Microsoft yearly fees for maintenance. This could explain why it's still possible to activate Windows XP as noted in Albin's answer in case an ATM machine needed to be replaced. XP activates fine for me with an internet connection mid Note that's using it from within a VirtualBox in Linux Mint.
As soon as it's activated, I disable the net connection. Show 1 more comment. Active Oldest Votes. I found two solutions, both of them work offline, so you don't have to connect the WinXP system to a network although I have to use WinXP I try to minimize security risks : A Activating over the phone Calling the current MS activation number for a product still in support eg for activation for Win7 and choosing "Other Products" in the voice menu.
Improve this answer. GeoffAtkins yay? Good answer, this worked for me a couple of weeks ago when a VM I have suddenly wanted to be re-activated. I was really surprised the phone system still worked. GeoffAtkins technically correct, although there was an out of band update this year, and also for Window Server When the Navy stops using it, then it dies.
My machine had already expired so I could only get into safe mode, which wouldn't let me run the OOBE tool. I had to reset the clock using rundll Update, it doesn't seem to be permanent. Show 6 more comments. Regarding failure of online activation, did you check the date on the system? I activated Windows XP on an old machine one week ago. This post does not answer the question. The OP is claiming that online activation does not work, he is assuming this is a server problem, but it's equally possible it's a client problem, especially as others are reporting succesful activations.
Additionally, updates may be required due to server-side encryption changes. I wonder if different installation images use different activation servers. I would like to try an image on the machine in question which has prooved to have a working online activation on a different machine. Add a comment.
BruceHill BruceHill 1 1 gold badge 3 3 silver badges 8 8 bronze badges. Please be cautious!!! Whatever this does, this might be illegal software even maleware I haven't tried yet. You should describe in detail what the link does. The same link was deleted and verb2 years ago. I have raised this issue with a moderator. Why would Microsoft use a domain and a web service not even owned by Microsoft? I just used this method and the activation code that was generated activated my copy of Windows XP.
This is a legit link. If you call the activation number found in your product, they'll offer to text you a shortlink: m. This works fine to activate Windows XP via the 'telephone' method as of April Justin M.
Justin 7 7 bronze badges. There are still phone numbers for all countries as I stated in my answer. It's not only the German number provided during the installation process that doesn't work any more, in some installations out there the US number does not work any more either but it's good to know that some of the numbers still work, so it's worth a try.
What number did you use? I'm curious, if your number still works, why did you search for a way to activate Windows here on Superuser? Albin It was the toll-free U. I added it to my answer. Justin Jan 6 at